To see a commentary note click on a blue square. To see the Latin text, click on a green square. To see a note on the text, click on a red square.     


WHENAS at the request and earnest instigation of some of my frends (worshipfull M. Estmond) I had done into English meeter the first two bookes of that poeme of C. O. containying the battailes and high adventures of the English nation, I was determined there to stricke sayle and to cast myne anker, knowing that the longer my craced keele scoured the seas, the more water she would leake, and fearing lest, that Scilla escaped, I should be sunke in Charibdis, or Libia shunned, I should be swallowed in Syrtes. If Cherilus that Sicile poet had brought but a breif pamphlet when he dedicated a huge volume unto the Macedonian kyng Alexander, his gayne peradventure had bene the more, his paine undoubtedly the lesse, in escaping a great many lashes which he suffred to his extreme grief and endlesse infamie. Even so was I perswaded of my selfe that the more I wrote, the more want of skill I shewed, whereby I might heape the more dislike, and so by a consequence the more reproch. But when I called unto mind (gentle syr) how gratly I should dye in your dett for your manifold benefites and frendly, yea rather fatherly, affection, wherewith you did imbrace me, being your pupill in Oxon., to my no lesse comfort than commoditie, it were incredible to thinke with what celeritie and disdayne I shooke of those terrifing causes, and how ardently I burned with a vehement desire, yet at the least by this kinde of writtying (in as much as I cannot otherwise sufficiently expresse my zeale and true affection) to testifie my good wil, and my hart full of all humilitie and sinceritie towards you, and to bring to passe, if I might, that in all ages and posterities, as long as ever these my watchynges [vigils] and writtyinges shall live amongst men, your name should never dye, but remayne as a patterne to our nephewes [descendants] and offspring, of all gentilitie, courtesie and humanitie, and that as every fautor [supporter] and maintainer of good letters is called alter Maecenas, an other Maecenas, so every one which imbraceth his frend with faythfull love, hateth no man, and is free from all baseness and slaverie of the mynd (as beseemeth a gentleman) might be named alter Estmondus, an other Estmond. Take therfore well in worth (deare syr) these my simple indevours, beying a compendious declaration and treatise of the peaceable raigne of our renowmed Lady Elizabeth, compiled by Maister O., and by me metrized, as a certaine testimony and the expresse tipe of my good will. Communicate them with your frendes, shroude them from my foes. This all I doe request, this me thinkes I aready see your courtesie and gentlenes to graunt me. The Lord preserve you in health, wealth, and felicitie. Amen

Yours asured in that he may,


Renowmed Greece in tender age with learned dames did shine,
Whose written workes remaine as yet with phrase mellifluous fine,
Of Muses bright besprinckled, drawne ouf of Parnassus spring.
Of female sexe erst mighty Rome a hugie troupe did bring,
All expert in the Latine tong, howbeit they lesser praise
Adornd with native language wanne, their fame to heaven to rayse,
And everlasting memorie by writing to attaine,
Than due is to those noble nymphes which severed farre remaine
In externe regions wide, in tender yeares, whose native tong
Is to be learnd, the Romayne then, by toiles and labours long, 10
Of forme renewde, with limites straight, and bondes incompast round.
As English ladies many may of worthie name be found
Which flourish at this day, which through the world swift Fame doth blase,
Who joyne, like learned men, the Greekish tong with Latine phrase.
Yea, which is more, like skilfull poets in dulcet verse they floe,
Wherewith Homerus frought his bookes, or Mantuan Maro,
If cause required, ex tempore their meeters framing fine.
O nymphes, o noble sisters foure, but (Myldred) unto thine
High favour, as the chiefest, I appeale, be thou mine aide,
And like an other Pallas, let thine aegis stronge be laide 20
Before my brest, that this my booke feele not the byting jawes
Of Theon, viper fell, or carping Zoils slaunderous flawes.
If me beholding with thy shining looks thou wilt defend,
The envious and malicious crue dare not me once to rend.
So, as in sanctuary shut, I shall no daunger feere,
Inferiour farre I know my Muse unto the vertue cleere
Of the renowmed prince, howbeit the will of subject true
May here appeare, if that the just and courteous reader view,
And pondering way the worke aright, and not with censure hard.
If that this long and prosperous peace hereafter be declarde 30
By trompe more shril, I wish and bid these writinges unto nought
By sparkling flames to be consumde. Mean time I them have brought,
Renowmed lady, to be shrined, upheld, and set in stay,
By your high honour. Turne not from your clyent, I you pray,
This doth your true nobilitie and manners meeke in brest
Ingraft, this doth your godlines require above the rest.

C. O.


If verses you delight with stately stile and sounding wordes
Which loftie swell, seeke poetts bookes which such high thinges affords,
You will perchance affirme that of so high and mighty a Queene
A worke should of more majestie and statelinesse be seene.
I worthie her confesse whom Homer should in sugared verse,
Or with the notes of warbling lute Apollo great rehearse.
I am no poet, you pardon must me since I pardon pray,
If that a bourden over vast do downe my shoulders way.
May arte unto the vertue yeeledes of her a prince so great,
Which shuld be sounded by a trompe more shril with winds repleat. 10
If others lye in silence shrinde, why should my Muse not sing?
But when her laud in fluent phrase from one more learnd shal spring,
Then will I these my papers voyde the fiery flames to seed.
Meane time the honour of her grace let these my verses breede.


You have blessed your choice of subject with great praise, Ockland, ennobling your verses with its matter. For what does the sun look down nobler than our prince? She of whom every Muse sings cannot be obscure. How great in majesty is her honor in peace is attested by the wars won by her royal ancestors. But I marvel even more at the keenness of her clever wit, because I see she has consulted for her reputation. For if your poem is unequal to her honors (and what Muse can sing of these worthily?), yet what an honor for you! What great guerdions of glory for an old man to have succumbed under the mass of this burden! Whoever will sing of her will be unequal to the singing, for no century has seen her honor's equal. Both of you are fortunate, you for this poem's honor, and she for deserving such an excellent poem.



After the trumpets of Mars, the peaceful olive is meetly provided by your pen, hoary bard. For just as your ardent youth had praised Mars, the branch of Pallas seeks to possess you in your old age. You embellish the trumpets of Mars and Miverva's bough, if you sing things that are grand, or things that are sweet. Whether you narrate peace than war, in either case a Muse is set forth, or a god, or a goddess greater than he. But if you trust me, you will imitate the swan's song, so that Elizabeth will be a source of praise upon your death.



HE marriage of Henry VIII and Anne. Censure of the Pope by the academics of Italy and France. Queen Anne is driven through the City of London in a triumphal car, and in Westminster Abbey is crowned with a crown of pure gold decorated with gems. Anne is pregant by Henry. Elizabeth's birthday on September seventh. Three days later the babe is baptized and, in accordance with Church custom, is confirmed in the faith. Heralds proclaim Elizabeth Pricess of Wales. Anne's dream, in which she is warned that she will depart this life within a month. The education of Edward the brother and Elizabeth the sister in a single residence. After Henry's death Edward comes to the throne, but dies before the completion of his seventeenth year. Affliction of the Church while Mary reigns. Many Englishmen go into exile. Earl Courtney comes into suspicion as if disloyal to the prince. The same happens to Lady Elizabeth. But she, trusting in her innocence and always being excellent (though not always safe) is freed by divine providence. Mary is taken off by disease, and Elizabeth comes to the throne, to the ineffable joy of the English people. First she takes counsel about religion, then about matters of state. A catalogue of the illustrious gentlemen who either were or are Privy Counsellors to Queen Elizabeth. England enjoys peace for twenty-three entire years. Elizabeth's virtues briefly memorialized. Rebels in Country Durham conquered and put to rout without bloodshed. The Irish and their allies pay forfeits for breaking their faith towards their sovereign. The author's prayers that Elizabeth might long live, long reign, and ever prevail.

Forthwith in royall throne and regall chaire as Qeene was set
Elizabeth, a princesse stout,whom Henry did begitt,
King Henry monarch high extold amongst all earthly peeres,
Elizabeth abounded even from here tender yeares
With manners meeke, with learnings lore, with wisdome eke divine,
Excelling in the Greekish tong, and Latine phrase so fine,
She knowes ech countries language to through Europe all along,
The Germaine, and the Italike, the French, and Spanish tong.
In skillfull scanning of the law she palme deserveth well,
In comelly feature, bewtie cleare, her visage doth excell. 10
The courage of her mynde is such as like is hard to finde
In female sexe, celestiall wisedome pure so deepe is shined
Within her royall brest, the mirrour of this age no doubt,
On earth a regall mace to beare from heavens dimised out (sent
A virgin brooking gratefull peace, gaynst dreadfull war opposde.
Howbeit that of this princely impe the byrthday be disclosde, (child
And from what happy mother sprong, so happy a byrth made glad
The Britaines harts, through mestive grones and sobbs which erst were sad (sad
The Lady Anne, a damsell bright, with Henry linked fast
In sacred wedlock was, his concience prickt and mov'd at last, 20
The best divine of high Jehove expresly to him showne,
His brother Arthurs spoused feere to cherish as his own (intended bride
Which twentie yeares and three, unwittyng mighty Joves edict
By Moyses mouth exprest, such bandes contract forbidding strict.
He used had (the Britaine Peers allowing him his fact) (deed
Lest that so rich a dower from his demaines should be extract
Agyne to be repayde. The Romaine Bishopps Bull this act
Confirmed to, that lawfully one brother might obtaine
His brothers wife, if him behinde survivour he remaine.
Howbeit fewe yeares expirde, the approbation of such bandes 30
Quite abrogated by the learned lawyers of the landes
Of Italy and Fraunce (that here unshewd their suffrage hold
Our English Doctors all, through sacred knowledge high extold).
The Romish prelate proud, such actes for to allow,
As though the heavenly lawes divine unto his becke did hold,
And he himselfe, exempted, did not under lawes abide
As subject unto Christ the head, the very Church is tide.
For head is one, sweete Christ alone, to which as corpes is knit,
His flocke unite, two heades cannot unto one body fit.
Hence did this ugly monstrous beast first take his curelesse wound, 40
One horne off torne, though nine remaine his front succincting round, (surrounding
And doth with shivering dread the hugie world put in a stound. (stupor
Moreover with divine instinct inspirde, a prophet sage
Hath song the time to come, in which this hellish fend shall rage
Unarmde, his other hornes off torne, which earthly monarches shall
For time prescribed forsake, being spotted blacke and rough withall.
Wherefore in good and luckie houre, by hest of Jove almights,
Are worthily solemnized Hymeneus sacred rightes
Twixt Henry king and Anne, with royall pompe of honour due.
Which more abounde, of Britaine Peeres a huge and stately crue, 50
With troupes of men beset, in silken vestures bravely clad.
The states most pretious robes with red gold spanges imbrodered had, (embroidery
And massie chaines of fined gold on shoulders foulded bare.
The courtlike ladies blasing gemmes, their hands beseemeing, ware,
Their neckes with jewels glimmering bright adornd, and ouches rare. (bangles
On auncient beames bespred was cloth of Arras curious wrought,
Such as by Pallas proper hand ywoven you would have thought.
All thinges did mirth protend, both boyes and men of elder age,
And virgine troupes with solempne himnes did good successe presage.
The holed bore pipe fild with winde doth plaiers will obay. 60
Then might you see the springoldes fresh in streetes to skip and play. (youths
These open signes of Commons joy might well the Queene delight,
And with his new espowsed feere rejoyce the King by right. (consort
But after that of seede conceav'de, through wombe extended hye,
Undoubted tokens to the world the princesse did descrie.
Almightie God, what wondrous joy the heartes of Britaines rought,
What ardent hope, what deepe desire ech noble stomacke cought,
That to the king into the world a male childe might be brought!
Forthwith unto the antike tower of Caesar, mightie king,
The Queene with condigne pompe a troupe of noble peeres did bring. 70
From whence she came, according to this nations guise of old,
To take the princely diademe (unbos'de with stones of gold),
The people all exclayming, “Jove your blisse and joies increase,
God graunt you live king Nestors yeares, God give you good successe,”
And whil'st she did triumphantlike in gorgeous chariot passe,
With trampling milke white steeds of courage fierce which caried was,
With youmen tall, of sturdie loines, in purple decked neat,
Strong garded, as a prince beseemed. Perfumes in every streat
made, as erst in elder age, when men in temples praid,
Sweet smelling mirh and frankensense were on the altars laid. 80
And as in time of Autumne when the round and staring stalke
Standes bolt upright in furrows large, that passers as they walke
Cannot discerne the ground, so thicke are sprong the reedes of corne,
The eares all wavering with the windes, now here, now there are borne,
None otherwise in everie streete the people presse apace,
The waies up thrunging thick, that scarse remains a standing place. (thronging
Eche eie directly bent upon her gratious heavenly face.
The conditts eke, which liquid streames accustom'd erst did scoure,
Did Bacchus sacred giftes of wine fresh frothing bolls out poure. (bowls

The outside of eche house faire hanging carpets brodered dight, (fitly embroidered 90
And balmed odours eke of fragrant floweres breede much delight.
Which joyes augmented more the cheerefull countenaunce of the Queene,
And thousandes thick of people which ranne stragling to be seene,
Dost wondrous thrust on plumpes, from street to street insuing fast, (flocks
And musickes skill the eares did fill with many a chearefull blast.
Now Phoebus, hastning for to shrine in Ocean flouds his face,
Beholdes the journey of the Queene, as to the roiall place
Of Henry Hing she hied, in westerne side of London sett.
The next day comes. the princely traine to Peters church doth let,
Where breathles corps of Britaine Kings intombd are wont to lye. 100
The nobles first before in order two and two do hye,
As Princes Court requires, and Britaine nations antike rite.
A King at Armes ech setts in rome, as honour doth invite. (in room
His fellowes eke, in ancient coates of armes resplendent dight,
The solempne pompe do much adorne and bewtifie the sight.
The troupe of Peers insuing next a stately wagon showes,
Which palfraies white as driven snow on bright bits champing drawes
The Queene unto the Commons all, in robes of purple fine,
With diamondes and emerauldes beset, which glistering shine,
With countenaunce full of modestie adornd, and seemely grace. 110
Who with a troupe of courtlike dames, which after her did trace,
Into the temple wendes, with heart and hand to Jove extolde, (uplifted
Where in the midst of prayer time a pretious crowne of gold
Her temples bright doth garnish brave the priest with solempne vowes,
Beseeching God with fuit to spring, to blesse this late made spowes.
These sacred rites performed thus, eche noble in his rome
Returnes unto a royall feast, in order as he come.
Chief Steward then of England was the Northfolke Duke assignd,
The dignitie of Taster the Earle of Arundell did binde,
High Chamberlaine the Oxford Earle did decke as title new, 120
The remnant comne of royall race perform'd their office due.
In massie bolls of fined gold, god Bacchus giftes were brought,
And plenteous store of cates was laide on tables curious wrought. (dainties
This solempne banquett time with certaine limites finisht quite,
When Phoebus neere the evening starre began with raies to smite
The Ocean salt sea flouds, and downe in deepes his front to hide,
Declining more towards the coastes of Libia region wide.
The princely court of Henry King with murmuring voyce resounds
At the returning of the Queene, such wondrous joy abounds.
Nine times her glimmering light the lampe of Phoebe had renued, 130
And after the solemniz'd day the tenth month fast insued.
Don Titan had not yet the face of Virgo overpast,
Remaining in the aspect of that heavenly starre, where placst
Hermes, as in his mansion house, to be doth chiefe delight.
Great learning wandring Hermes doth foreshew, and manners bright,
But chiefly he portendes a happy witt and judgement quick.
But if that Jove exalted be, linkt in conjuction strick
To Venus, and with them in friendly aspect Sol be tied,
O goodly God, which so the course of heavenly starres doest guide
And force soest give, and take again, as likes thy sacred hest. 140
The childe borne shall be fortunate, with honour eke invest.
Shall royall scepter hold, and still in flowing ealth abound,
Rewardes bestowing still, nor end of giving shall be found.
With heavenly wit indued also, abounde with counsaile sound,
Eche vertuous worke attempting bold, in hauntes of Mars renownd.
God this doth bring to passe, not planetts which their course do take
Within the spheres celestiall, for planets courses make
By powre of Jove divine, without whose aid they nought prevayle,
Nor good effect can woorke. God in them is, which thouten faile (without
Doth certain houre of birth appoint to every mortall wight 150
As Him shall please, that Author was which formed them aright.
As other thinges, so planets were the worke of God Almight.
The seventh of September (Jove omnipotent to passe
This doubtlesse brought) by course of years, the day of Saboath was, (Sunday
Wherein King Henryes noble spouse in childbirth travaild sore.
As griefe augmentes, so skillfull aged wife insisteth more. (midwife
About her charge sage matrons eke of worthy race applied
Their industry to aid, when labouring Princes gan to slide
In fainting panges, through burden ripe, delivering unto light,
Howbeit undoubted tokens were forshewed of former might. 160
But after that into the world a childe of bewtious hue
Was brought, with members straight composd, as softned waxe a true
And perfit image fashioned beares, the people wondring much (admiring
The cunning workmans skilfull hand in forming to be such.
The aged graundame cries amasde, her handes to heaven up throwne,
“Ye people present, praise the Lord, Christ Jesus laud alone,
A virgin doth her mothers blisse, her fathers joy increase.
In time to come this virgine shall procure the Britaines peace.
This is the onely hope and solace of our English land.”
The king his footesteppes fetching fast him hasteth out of hand, 170
The mother with her tender impe to see, and wordes doth speake
Of comfort to his spowes, sick, and through fleshly frailenes weake.
Forthwith for baptisme of this babe the King his nobles bad
For to prepare. The Northfolke Duke chiefe rule and guidance had,
Who in his hand a slender rod of iverie whitenesse bore.
All things provided as the King commaunded had before,
The Duke them willing, first the barons went, an easie pace,
In portlike guise then Earls, then mighty Dukes did after trace. (stately
The noble Duchesse in her armes the infant small did hold
In swadling sheetes of lincloth soft her tender corps infold. (linen
A pretious mantle brodered rich, upon the which did shine
With golden garb adornd, imbosde with stones of jasper fine,

Which eyes of the beholders dimmd with dazeling glauncing rays.
Full many a noble dame insues, and trustie servauntes sayes
At every becke to run about the temple dores alwayes.
Amongest the stately Peeres the London Bishop present came,
With milke white stole invest'd, as auncient age required the same.
Faire fountaine streames were poured in pretious font of silver bright.
The godfathers and sodmothers their promise freely plight'd
That in the lively corps of Christ Elizabeth united, 190
Should Him receave as head, Whose corps the holy Church perfited (perfected
And purged cleane from filty mosse and superstition was.
The Archbishop of Caunterbury, who did in honour passe
The rest, chiefe Primate of this land, and Northfolke Duches bright
With Exon Lady Marques then did vow to Jove Almight
In her behalfe that she should love His precepts and His lore,
When unto age mature in time she should attaine therefore.
Forthwith she was confirmde in faith of Christ our carefull guide,
When as a King at Armes with voyce uplifed loftie cried,
“Long may the royall offspring live of her renowmed sire, 200
Elizabeth, long may she live, and to all bliss aspire,
And to the crowne, her father dead, let her succeede as heire.”
The people all Amen exclaiming noyce to heavens did reare,
Which by the aire reverberate causde all the towne to ring.
The witnessesses of happie daies abodements good did bring
Unto the infant severall rich giftes of fined gold,
By skilfull art ingrav'de with shapes of Britaine monarchs old,
In which the virgine, come to yeares, triumphing did delight.
Three hugie chargers first did Dudley lift in sight
(For from the sacred temples borne the royall offringes were 210
By princely state in solempne sort, as custome did require).
The second gifts aloft, redoubted Haward high extold
Three mightie standing bolles. Three massie cuppes of pretious gold,
Bestudded thick with stones and radiant gemmes from Indy brought,
Thou third, Fitzwater, wenst before, thy brode brest lifting loft.
The fourth and last (o Worcester) thy Earle succeeded straight,
Whose wearied armes of curious plate ingraven felt the waight.
And now the regall court was thrunge and full of people prest, (thronged
The Primates lookes bewraid their joyes, conceav'd in royall brest, (betrayed
With all their noble dames, and Lords, and Barons of the land. 220
The cellar doores with wine repleat to all men open stand.
God Bacchus bolles deepe cares do quell, and joyes in heart makes flowe.
These thinges thus finisht, on the rout the King both thankes bestowe
And many sendes unto their homes, howbeit the greatest part
Of noble race esprong from Princes court do never start. (sprung
Couragious springoldes eke, collect'd from all partes of this land,
To bend and bow at every beck all waiting ready stand.
Some to confirme their love towardes this impe conceaved in minde,
With plighted oth on sacrement themselves the people binde
Elizabeth firme to stand, in faithful duetie to her knit. 230
Not one, but all this region coastes throughout, vow not to flitt.
Meane time the virgin, adding grown unto her tender yeeres,
Increasd in favour eke of heavenly powers and earthly Peeres,
Whom Commons love succeeds. But when her mother tong she knew,
Expressing signes of wondrous wit and judgement to insue,
She at her prudent sayinges made astonished men to stand,
And bookes, desirous to be taught, would alway have in hand.
She scarce the letters with her eyes intentive did behold
Their severall names, but thrise before by her instructor told,
But perfect them at fingers end, as two monthes taught, she bare. 240
Their figures diverse made, deciphering well, by judgement rare.
Yea in few dayes (a marveile great it is to speake, no dout)
The princely impe by industrie such sap had sucked out
That without councell to assist she any thing could reed.
So nothing intricate is found, nor difficult in deed,
To willing mindes, deceaving toyles the love of vertue true.
Her mothers solace great, this virgin bright of roseal hue
Did ample hope foreshew what helpe she should to Britaynes bee.
The aequinoctiall line, which dayes and nightes makes to agree
In true proportion like, Don Phoebus lampe had banisht farre 250
From this our climate, chasing fast towardes the starre,
Then ready for to take a signe celestiall by the way
Which Venus mansion house to be astronomers do say.
Then pleasant spring appeares on earth, and rough hayle shoures deprives,
Expelling nipping coldes, and into th' bare earth moisture drives.
Then fieldes to fragrant shew, than all things budding blossomes beare,
Then nightingales with chirping notes melodiously do were
Away the lingring darksome night, and please the watchfull care.
Now was the tyme when greatefull rest had layd in drowsie sleepe
Men mortalls weried bones, and bodies close in couch did keepe. 260
The King therefore him hies to bed, so doth his royall Queene.
His chamber he, she takes a rowme, joynt to an herbour greene, (arbor
With floures of sondry colours dect, most pleasant to be seene,
Where long and tedious houres she spendes, whilst studious to her booke,
Revolving turnes, which customde use of tender yeares she tooke,
Till drowsie sleepe her daceled eyes, soft stealing on, up closde. (dazzled
But when she thus a great part of the night had spent, reposed
At last in loftie bed of state (as princely ladies are),
With vowes devout of soule and corps she prayes high Jove take care.
Then drencht in deepe sleepe rest she takes, forgetting fancies past. 270
Now midst of glomish shadowy night expired was at last, (dark, gloomy
Deep silence dogges, and men, and beastes of salvage kind had rought
When Morpheus in her grandsiers shape, the god of dreames, him brought
Unto the Queene (which long before was in sepulcher layd),
With beard downe dangling long, and head white hoar, and thus he sayd:
“O Anne (which layd in dead sleepe sound, yet thought herselfe awake),
Feare not, my daughter Anne, nor at this vision trembling quake.
Behold thy grandsier I here present stand, of yore yell knowne.
From all contagion earthly free, I dwell in heavenly throne,
Where with loves sacred ministers I endlesse life obtaine. 280
To live so is to live in deede, thou liv'st to dye agayne.
Prepare thy selfe with Sainctes in joyes celestiall for to comme,
To Christ, Which heavenly boures hath built, and sitts in highest rowme,
Desirous that His flocke with Him should raigne. Peace, endlesse blisse,
Tranquillitie secure in deede, no chaunce nor chaunge there is.
What earthly honour can prevayle? What glory great of kings?
What pompous wealth abundant? What rich precious vestements brings?
What profite can bright purple robes? What glistering gemmes and gold?
Can they mens mindes once better, or the sting of plagues withold?
Can they deathes threatning dart, or vexing chaunces keepe away? 290
All earthly thinges, perswade thy selfe, do frayle fall in decay.
On heaven thine eyelids firmely fixe, seeke heavenly kingdomes hie,
Which for Christes faythfull flocke prepared are undoubtedly.
Now to what end this talke doth tend with minde attentive know.
Foul envie start with poysoning snakes, from gastly shadowes low,
With hatreds brandes the world perturbes, in princes courtes her nest
Greeting strong, that whoso God and justice favours best,
And gratious in his prince his sight, with credit great both grow,
So much the rather on his flesh will envious vipers gnow, (gnaw
And worke will with such secrecie that he shall not perceave 300
The venemous sting till Atropos his vitall breath bereave,
And by dire destines fatall doome he be entombd in ground.
Thou knowest the mighty Britaine guide, by stablished lawes profound,
In his hye court of Parliament (where mixt in counsell seat
Both Peers and people of the land it earnest did intreat),
His subtill undermining fraude, now set abroch and knowne, (abroad
The Pope, with his supremacie, out of his land hath throwne,
And that no Bulls from Romish Seat herafter should be sought,
Whereby his pompe might be maintaind, by them in thousands bought.
Wherefore the prudent monarch hath from his dominions all 310
Him quite expelled, howbeit in Court his wilie fautors stall, (supporters
And faultring dread lest that, their fraude detected and betrayde,
Should in her glosing colours be portraid and broke bewrayde. (betrayed
They shivering feare lest that thy rule their rage to ruine bring.
If fatall destinies in thy prime thee with their bane should string,
(For that those traitrous vaillines brue) they would triumphing sing,
No farther doubt or daunger then suspecting to impend.
Howbeit about the ugie world Sir Titan shall not end
Two times his wandring course before that by the Counsailes hestes
All idolls, props, supporting both the Pope and shaven crestes, 320
Shall by devouring greedy flames be burnt and turnde to nought,
And images be battred downe with stones of marble wrought.
The floare of Joves most sacred house shall purg'd and scoured bee.
Meane time, o happy England, through thy region, by decree
Of Henry mighty King, the crier shall promulgate loud
That unto carved stockes or stones no knee shall once be bowde.
These wondrous thinges thou shalt not see alive to come to passe,
But relickes of the chalice, and such dreggs and tumperie trash
Shall not till after Henries death be banisht backe to Rome,
From whence, as from the fountain head and welspring, first they come. 330
A boy then with coruscant virtue deckt, devoyde of crime, (shining
Againe shall bring (to Sainctes celestiall deare) in happie time
The sacred Wourd of high Jehove. Then superstition vaine,
A foule and filthy errour, shall all desolate remaine
For seven yeares space, which so doth sticke unto religions side
As doth the clinging ivie thrombe fast to the elm abide. (meaning uncertain
Almighty Jove to heavenly blisse shall first this springold call, (young man
Before the worldes frayle glory shall his hart seduce at all,
Or lusting flesh incense him by suggestion unto sinne,
A flattering foe, in floud of Acheron to plundge him in. 340
The seventh yeare of his raigne shall him bereave of regall mace,
Whom after shall a married Queene succeed in royal place,
The Pope reducing. Then shall wofull England, sliding backe, (bring back
Fall prostrate downe to blockes, and ripp agayne the Romish pack.
If any man do mutter once, by conscience terrour stong, (stung
Or once revolve the Testament writt in his mother tong, (read
Or out of it convince the Pope to swarve from law and right, (accuse
In vaunting his authority equall with Joves almight,
With divilish pride up puft, he shall with scorching brands be burnd,
With raging fiers consuming force his bones to ashes turnd. 350
These goary woundes thy tender impe at length shall cure agayne
And, come to riper yeares, shall princely crowne and rule sustaine,
A comfort to her countrie soyle and solace to her frendes.
In whose most blessed raigne (such luckie fate from heaven discendes)
Shall Britaine people live in bliss, and England happy bee,
And under her good guidance live in long tranquillitie.
With Indies pretious marchaundise the people shall abound.
The Pope, reiect'd and banisht home to coasts of Latian ground
Shall onlely for his owne precinctes and baudes be had to care, (bawds
And in proud Rome, the sinke of vice, to set to sale his ware. 360
Here of the Popes supremacie shall be the finall end,
Thy offspring shall with cureles wound his power usurped rend.
Thenceforth it shall not lawfull be to idolls for to bend,
Of pretious mirh and frankensense on alters to perfume.
Hereon in vayne the Pope, incensed woode, shall fret and fume (vehemently angry
With gnashing teeth, and eke attempt by trecherous meanes to spill
Thy blessed offspringe, lov'de of Jove, whose godhead guiding still,
And shielding her from scath, she shall her enemy quite downe borne,
In peace her kingdome rule, and age with honour shall adorne.
Here yet against this nimph his furious rage he shall not stay, 370
Blacke venome balking out, and aspis poison dire alway. (asp's
(Who would believe?) to heavenly blisse their soules he shall betake
In wordes, which due obedience shall of their true prince forsake,
But downe in deed to tormentes fell them headlong shall deject. (cast down
Whoe rules in heavenly globe above her shall from scath protect.
Elizabeth of Britaine soyle the guidance great and stay,
Of female sexe the noble name and palme shall beare away.
But thee, mine offspring deare, unlike in happy destinies vewe
Unto thy daughters fate on earth, shall better fate insue.
God, which with backe the couse of things doth rule by power divine, 380
Thee from the midst of worldly pompe, wherein thou now doest shine,
And earthly honour, shall extoll with Sainctes in heavens to dwell.
There are no blubbring teares, no mortall tong for truth can tell,
Nor of those everlasting joyes mens mortall eares have hard,
Not to be chaungd for pretious gold, a high and rich reward.
Be not in minde dismayde, though mestive message I foreshow. (sad
The houre unlookt for of thine end with swift course on doth draw,
For within thirtie dayes thou shalt outgasp thys vitall breath.
Howbeit this solace great of me receave before thy death:
Elizabeth through wondrous actes to starrs shall lift thy name 390
Both of her selfe, and mightie sier, and most renowmed dame.”
He sayd, and swift the flickering ghost in thinne ayre fled away.
Forthwith resolv'de in chilly feare the princes members lay,
Long struggling with her selfe, in griving fast she sleepe offshakes.
With soddaine noyse astonde, her chamber ladies straight her takes,
Demaunding of Her Grace why so upstart she stood affright.
But, silent, she all mestive stayes, and rolling castes her sight.
At length, “Tell us (quoth she) where any stood our dore before”
(For all the auncient Britaine kings and queenes have use of yore
To be by servaunts watcht, whilst soft sleepe doth their eyelids fold). 400
They aunswering that they heard no voyce, nor shape did once behold,
Then more agast, with grones from hart rootes scortch she stilly sayd,
“Oh highest, mightiest God, some mercy take of thy handmayd,
And through thy wondrous clemencie hty servaunts sinnes blot out.”
These wordes with voyce submisse she spake, and turnd her selfe about.
“Doze you, my ladies,” (for a troupe about her present weare),
“I bid you all, till morning gray with radiant beames appeare,
Repose your selves agayne to sleepe, and take your quiet rest.
Some of the matrones through long use more wisdome shind in brest,
And neare the stately bed with carefull mindes sat watching still, 410
Attending what she shall require, commaund, or what she will.
Calme silence now ech wight throughout the royall chamber rought,
The Queene her voyce upclosd and, much revolving deepe in thought,
Not to the nearest of her frendes she did her dreame bewray.
Now day light bright appeares, devouring cares which wipes away,
When Phoebus with his glittering rayes reJoyseth mortall hartes,
And sicke and pensive wightes incenseth on to pleasant partes.
Howbeit the bewtious Queene in secret closet mestive droupes,
Nor fragrant herbours gladsome seekes, attended with her troupes (arbors
Of damsels bright (as customde erst), but yeldes to grief as thrall. 420
When that these dolefull newes were blazde in mighty Henries hall,
The princely Peers with countenance sad, demisde, their mone exprest, (downcast)
The courteours pensive were, the King great grief conceav'de in brest,
And goes his feer to see, and her salutes with smiling cheare. (consort
But when of these her dolefull panges, which ruthfull did appear,
He could not wring the cause, with brinish teares his cheekes bedewd,
He turnes his face away, and much this heavie hap he rued.
But fleting time, with lingring tract doth drierie dolours were,
And dartes of wounding cares, their pointes retorced, backe doth beare.
When that the noble princesse had the matter peisde aright, (pondered 430
And cald to minde that daungers such and lucklesse chaunce as might
Not be eschwde must suffred be, and not bewailde with grief,
Few dayes expirde, in robes of state and princely vestments chief,
All shining downe she comes, and, musing, walkt in harbour greene.
By chaunce a courtlike lady than, prostrate on both her kneene, (knees
I know not what petition made, of royall stocke esprung,
Of mighty Peers, whose zelous love and secret truth erst long
In soundry pointes she had foretride, to whom the Queene thus spake. (tested
“O trustie lady, manifest do not our secretts make.
None present stands, we are alone, and leasure serves to talke” 440
(For far apart the portlike troupe of Britaine nimphes did walke), (stately
And opes her lipps for to proceede, and faultring shutts again.
At length she spake, “When dulcett sleepe me close in bed had laine,
My maydes secluded all, inrold in earth in elder yeares,
(Ay me) my grandsier old, in antike forme, so brim appeares (see note
As when he drew his vitall breath he was unto me knowne,
And in a long processe my fatall houre hath to me showne,
Which in this month insuing next, the destinies will procure.”
The noble dame, salt trickling teares, bedewing her lookes demure,
Astonisht, sobbing sayes, “Now God avert this bitter lot! 450
The fancies of your troubled braine so vayne remember not,
But quite roote out such parching thoughtes as macerate your hart.
Out of a gladsome minde fresh florishing age doth bloming start,
Perplexing grief hart strings of mortall men untimely freats,
And in his pinsers holding fast, their mindes with torture beats.”
Meane tyme a page doth warne the royall King for to approch.
But Anne, desirous of her grief the cause to set abroch, (give vent to
Unto her trustie frend her dreame in order doth declare,
And what the divine oracles concerning England weare.
More of King Henries mightie race, what should be the successe, 460
Then of her tender impe in fine the fate she doth expresse.
Her willing, truth, and faythful love toward her to maintaine,
Yet yong of yeares, which in processe might recompence her payne.
Then to the goodly Prince her spouse she lowlie doth incline
For honours sake, who tokens great of love exprest that time.
Both joyntly, side by side, the fragrant garden trace about,
Which sight the hartes did gladsome make of all the vulgar rout.
Sir Titan Venus glorious house in heavenly coape had past, (cop = height
And some degrees incroaching made in signe adjacent fast.
Renowmed Anne for endlesse life a short death doth exchaunge, 470
Devouring cares expeld, and in celestiall coastes doth range.
Learne you that live what can backbiting malice gobling fell.
Blacke Envie, gastly hagg, neare happy livers still doth swell,
Which filthy venome blew of viperous tongues, insues as mate.
Religion and worship true of mighty Jove, which sate
All drownd, much like a burning coale uprakt in embers dead,
In happy dayes of vertuous Anne disclosd her burnisht head.
Of Anne, whose hand so bountifull gave almes unto the pore
Ech day, and feeble creeples lame, and people blind up bore.
Ye wayling widowes, do lament the black and dismall day, 480
Yet children eke of siers bereft, which tooke this Queene away.
The Lady Jane, of Seimers bloud, stout Henry mightie King
In holy wedlocke rites espousd, from which a babe did spring,
A boy of wondrous towardnes and manly vertue cleare.
He was by sacred Muses reard, and fostred up most deare.
To him in tender age Elizabeh coequall cleft,
The both to soone in springing yeares of noble dames bereft,
Howbeit that carefull providence in Henries brest was shrined,
That he a man of knowledge deepe them to instruct assigned.
The day in divers partes was cut, for divers studies fitt, 490
Even with Sir Titans springing lampe they at their bookes doe sitt.
These vertuous impes now this, now that, with mides intentive reed.
First Jesus Christ instilled was, their endlesse blisse to breed,
The life, the rocke, the tracked path to them which dread the Lord.
Then bookes of civill governement, which preceptes did afford,
And other noble artes beside for royall children meet.
Sound knowledge daily did increase, and ripe wit polisht neet.
Renowmed Henries ardent love towardes them kindled more,
And favour of the British Peers obtaind, and Commons lore.
Elizabeth three yeares by byrth her brother went before, 500
Inferiour in her sexe, but for, bicause of riper age,
Delicious laud and prayse to winne, free from fell envious rage,
And that her brother Prince, incenst by her proceedings, might
Be spurd more ardent to attain to vertues sacred light.
She here desistes, and qualities beseeming her degree
She practisd els beside. Now silken vesture holdeth she
In lilly handes, and, fitting fine with pliant fingers small,
With needle worke imbrodereth rich, and overspreadeth all.
Minervaes pretious webbe the vewers would have coucht it sure,
The hemmes distinguisht with a gard of glistering mettall pure. (border 510
Now doth she exercise her selfe of solempne lute to play,
On warbling stringes now more, now lesse, dad dumpes to drive away.
The nightingale her chirping voyce so divers scarce could make,
Divided into sondry tunes, as she most sweetly strake
With quavering fingers small, and gentle touching of the strings,
All men admiring much whence that celestiall musicke springs.
Where daintie eates on tables spred, they were to take repast,
Or, after viandes all remov'd, in galleries they wast
The time, or els in gardens fresh of fragrant savour walke,
Of vertue, of religion true, of sayings wise her talke 520
Should still be framde. Both godly speach and true she alwayes usde,
A token plaine how that her hart the spot of vice refusde.
In old Palaemons learned art they both most skilfull weare.
The Prince, and lady eke, so deepe ingraft in minde did heare (also
The Greekish phrase with Latine speach conjoynd, that in short space
One reeding would suffise to understand the hardest place,
That of the hugie world so vast, where Phoebus glove hath flamde,
The lad the Phoenix might be calld, the virgin Pallas namde.
Mean time with crooked age effeebled Henry yeldes the ghost,
Whose death as hartes of Brutes it rent, and mindes perpexing tost, (Brutus' descendants 530
So doth his heyre apparent then with joyes their brestes comfort,
Incensing them to solempne mirth, and joyes, and pleasant sport.
Elizabeth revenewes large takes by her fathers hest,
Which her of yearely rentes beseeming her degree possesst,
Of princelike houses stately built, and massie heapes of gold.
Wherefore far from the royall Court in countrie she doth hold
Herself alone, accompanied with her most careful guide,
A woman of great majestie, of noble bloud beside,
Which alwayes in society to this yong impe was tide,
Admonishing with councell good and exhortations wise 540
What, as convenient, she should brooke, and what agayne despise.
Of twise seven yeares the tender age she scarse had fully tract,
When that, mature, the virgin might for spousall rites exact,
When as, behold, with portlike trayne one unckle to the King
Himself unto her princely house in pompous sort did bring,
And both the tender lady bright with much ambition woe. (woo
Forthwith through shame, with blushing hewe, her eares did burnng gloe,  
Attending not what Hymen ment, nor what this wooing Peere
With earnest sute did pray. Wherefore he parteth nothing neere.
But he insistes againe, and urgeth more his sute to winne, 550
Till from the princely nimphe he had that finall answer gin, (gained
Declared by her governesse: he had his labour lost in vayne.
More, that it better were from his attempts soone to abstayne.
That firm it sate in royall brest of the high lady bright
Not to be linkt in wedlocke bandes to any Britaine wight
Of Lordes estate, forgetting not her father, famous King,
And from what mightie ancestours she by discent did spring.
Who would not here admire the noble courage of her minde,
Yet soft through tender yeares, of royall kinges the gentle kinde?
Who would not wonder at her stomacke haut, far from the lure (courage high
Of Cupids bow, which offered bandes of wedlock might procure
Her to accept? Wherefore she seelde out from her stately houres (seldom
Proceedes, or ruling brother greetes, or Londons pompous toures
Doth ride to see, lesse called forth on matters of great waight. (unless
Unto the Prince his majestie she then declining straight,
Th' almightie King of Kinges doth prey for to preserve His Grace.
Forthwith with swift course backe retiring to her dwelling place
On pleasaunt hill erect, which champion fieldes of Flora queene (flat fields
Adjacent both behold, neere fountaines bright and rivers greene,
Beset with trembling aspe, and beech, and okes of wondrous hight. 570
There nightingales with chirping tunes melodious breede delight,
And whistling throssell, which frequenyes the brierie shrubby thorne. (thrush
Hereunto studies such addict as chiefly might adorne
The daughter of so great a Prince with love and laud of all,
Were they estates of hye degree, or meaner fortunes thrall.
The royall nimphe the sliding tract of her life doth contere (rub along
(When sacred rites of funerall performde to Henry were)
Whilest, Phoebe, thou with thy furious steedes, whose nostrels sparkling flakes
Out blastes, in heavenly pole sixe times the signs thou overtakes.
Sometimes she greevous plaintes doth make, of valiant sire bereft, 580
Her selfe all left alone, the fickle wordles collusions left,
Which of the greatest part are wondered at and high extold
In civill broiles, and combrous toiles, which doe themselves infold,
Whereas from such vexations free they may at home remaine.
Sometimes her spirits revives her brother prosperous state againe,
Her future destine witting not, procurde by powers devine,

That she a regall port should beare, and great in glory shine
Amidst the troupes of Britaine Peeres, though now she frequente hate. (hates their crowds
In the seventh yeare that royall Prince did yeeld to drierie Fate,
The vertuous Edward, Britaines stay, and comfort of their land. 590
The raynes of regall government straight Mary takes in hand,
And Popish trompery dregges establisht sets againe aloofe, (aloft
By Parliament confirming lawes new for the Popes behoofe,
Such as her famous brother had set downe, extincted cleane.
Here straight a rablement of priestes with oile annointed gleene
Troughout the land like Bacchanalles, and fiers with red bloud seed.
If any godly were and Jesu lov'de, he had for meed (reward
His bowels broild with scorching brandes, and bones consumde to nought.
But some by warning sent from God (for so beleve we ought),
And harkening to the powers, devine by flight their safegard sought, 600
Their native country, parentes deare, and frendes forsaken quite.
Which chaunge, succeeding Edwardes death, a number did incite
With heartes estraungd from Britaine soile to live in foreign land.
He fled in externe nations strates; he hating blouddy hands, (foreign
And rage of that massacring crue, seekes meanes those evils to shunne.
When here (out, out, for shame) a great commotion was begunne,
The deadliest rage and sharpest scourge that can on kingdomes fall.
Now these, now those the quest attainted doth of treason call.
In prisons strong a wondrous rout of Brutus race were pent,
But manie more to glomy streames of Stigie lake were sent. 610
Within the mighty Tower as soune as Courtney Earle up closde
Was to his certaine day of triall to descend responde,
The glorious prelate proud outragious wroth did fretting chaufe,
With troublous conscience vert, subversion dreading of things saufe (green
Which were not to be feard. Yea, bitter hatreds poysoned sting
Thee and thy state, Elizsabeth, did in suspicion bring,
Of cracked faith towardes the Crowne, that thou devoyd of crime
Hast liv'd, whose brightnesse of the minde did so constant shine
That Envies eies with radiant beames it dazeled till this time.
Ah, swoln with venombd malice fell the holy sort forgettes, 620
Which vile impatient crue with wrathful anger furious frettes
Till that the sielie lambe (howbeit her keepers courteous were, (holy
For God the wolves had driven away) ytrencht in deepe dispare
In prison close was kept, all liberties freedome tane away,
That light affliction, and this gentle penaunce, did display
The better knowledge of the Lord, that so she might attaine
Wisesome more deepe, which tract of time to mortall man doth gaine.
Such like affliction mixt with griping cares thy grandsier olde
To wondrous wisdome rare renowmed Henry Seventh extolde,
Which of an other Salomon the noble name doth hold. 630
Even as a date tree downe depres'd doth loftier lift her top,
And how much more with boistrous blastes Sir Aeol sturres to stop
Her perching groth, by so much more in highe she liftes her bowes,
So through backbiting viperous tongues the lady nobler growes,
And whome pernitious envies peise downe keepes, her vertues light (weight
Through constant minde extolles, to starrie region shining bright.
Howbeit the vile Masse mungring crue lamented at their hart (mongering
That th' end expected had not tane their false and trecherous part. (taken
Wherefore new guiles they do deferre untill a time more fit,
And to themselves this kingdome vowe in hope, if that it hit, 640
That in their secret trappes now laid the Britaine here doe fall.
Meane time their furious rage doth roame, and tortures useth all.
Abundant streames of Christian bloud, most ruthfull, moists the land, (regrettably
And goarie flouds, alacke, in pooles, of it rejected, stand.
Ay me, and waile a day, young childrens corpses fire brandes devoures,
And, difference none put twixt their sexe, both men and weomen scoures.
For he gainst Jove almightie is a foe outragious thought
If anie man his enemie the Romish Bishop cought
Out of the Word of God, which takes away Christes honor due,
And falsely white that thing affirmes which is of duskish hue. 650
Yea so his heynous trecheries with gloses covered beene,
As at no time our grandsiers olde in elder age have seene,
That both the sense of touch and of tast do fading fayle.
If that ye take that priviledge from bodies, what avayle
Can th' care of twinckling eye, unto what use shall fingers stand?
Aa, haa, in deep Charibdis gulfe yplunged the Britain land
For very grief doth grone, and ginnes of safetie to dispaire. (begins
Howbeit the ghost divine of Jove her pitying unaware,
Which with His becke the heavens and seas and earthly regions shakes,
For the afflicted English state a gratefull plaister makes. (remedy
For from their hie usurped seates proud potentates are drawne
Downe headlong to the ground, which reverent worship to be showne
Bade unto idols wrought in woode or forgd of moulten brasse.
Queene Mary laid intombde, the prelate doth bewaile, alas,
In dolefull plaintes, scarce daring een one muttering worde to speake.
And he which lately raging proude did out in rayling breake
Against the mightie Sonne of God, now murmuring, mournes his fill.
Much like as when the creeky stork with peck of crooked bill
The captaine frogge with bloudy wound, his corps dispoyld, doth kill.
The puddle neere adjoynd is hushd, the commons croking stay. 670
For very dread stickes in their jawes, their leader, made away,
Their trembling heartes astonished makes, and mindes doth sore afray. (frighten
Such is the inconvenience to be bereft of guide.

Therefore, the Popes supporters chiefe subverted and destride,
The Princesse eke by destinies dome cut off his surest stay.
He banisht is this land. Elizabeth in happie day
Obtaines her fathers royall seat, as Morpheus had before
In vision brimme exprest, a time which merits to be bore (see note
In everlasting memory and ever solempne thought,
Wherein the princely diademe this vertuous lady rought, 680
Reviving Britaines heartes in sobbing sighes, and brinish teares
Yplunged rest. November day which seventeenth bright appears,
As happie unto Brutus race so celebrate shall be,
In which the Queene to London towne, with solempne pompe and glee,
Most royally was brought, with horsemen troupes ygarded round.
Before her, aged sires, young men, and children all the ground
Bespreading, trampling fast, and Lords and servauntes, thundring throngs.
If that I had an hundred mouthes, so many sounding tongues.
If that their learning Muses nine, yea Helicone spring,
Had poured into my brest, I could not Britaines joyes here sing 690
With which they floed in every street nor yet their bonefiers tell,
Which burnt throughout all Albion coastes, and thousandes signes as well
Of gladsome mirth which were exprest in eche page of the land. (pagus, town
What I shall here declare, how thousandes thick in plumps had stand (flocks
In every streete. Our cryers voyce in midst of London towne,
“Long may remaine on earth nimph, survivour left alone
Of her renowmed sier the onely heire, long may she live.
Full many a yeare to Britaines lawes let her that princesse give,
In honour of whose house is gin the white and purple rose.” (given
Forthwith a solempne pompe was made with celebration great, 700
Both primate, Dukes and Earles, and Lordes, and Barons ready wait
Their dueties to discarge, in glistering purple curious dight,
By which the Queene was to be crown'd with diademe blasing bright,
And with devotion pure on thundring Jove high thankes bestowe.
At length in Peters sacred house Her Grace was couched lowe.
The assembly all did pray, Elizqabeth devoutly praide.
A crowne, with pretious stones imbosd, upon her head was laide.
The people vowes out powring, and the priest beseeching Jove
That He would favour her attemptes, and her proceedings love,
Supporting what she enterprisde, and her indeavours beare. 710
According to this nations guise, when all thinges ended were,
The royall banquett finished eke, forthwith was mention made
Of common weales affaires, of bringing backe the Christian trade
In worshipping th' Almighty God, which faine was in decay,
Defilde with filchie blot, as rust which time on ire doth lay. (filthy (iron
The Counsayle sage, with prudent mindes indevouring still, at last
The noble Queene breakes up. From sacred temples Masse out cast,
Religion chefly was respect'd, next common weales affairs.
Forthwith Gods Word divine in th' English tongue the Prince repaires,
By whose great bountie, honour hie the clergy had them showne, 720
Which did affirme by knowledge deepe that in a language knowne
We ought to pray, and mighty Jove for needfull thinges beseech
In vulgar tongue, that every man might understand speech.
That was the same that learned Paule most earnest did perswade,
Prove, and inculke into mens heartes, in vayne that vowes were made (inculcate
Unlesse the inward heartes affect with the outward signe agree.
As with the swett of labouring swaine the light chaffe by doth flee
By force of fanne into the aire, the barne floores purged cleen,
Or as a gorgeous house of cobwebs clensed more neete doth sheene,
So first, the idolls battered downe, are sacred temples swept 730
With broames, undecent Popery dregges and filthie drosse surrept (taken away
With nooked teeth of rake, which did repugn the Word divine.
Religion, setled on her feete, now bolt upright did shine,
Our Saviour Christ, the very lambe of God is knowne to be,
The fragile world from all offence and sinne which quited free,
Not indulgences from the Pope, which money may obtayne.
More, that with greater providence the holy rites agayne
Might in Joves house repaire, and Jesus worship stablish right,
And that her own and kindgomes state she circumspectly might
Have seene unto (nor this was done but by Joves mighty hest), 740
The prince, with deepe perseverance, scelected of the best
Of Britaine states a fewe which long use had with wisedome frought,
And learning eke Parnassus nimphes to deck their wits had brought,
By which proppes of eternall fame, under a mayden Queene,
Renowmed England through the world is bright blazed to be seene.
First of her Counsayle Bacon was a wise and prudent Knight,
Of polisht wit, who Britaine lawes by judgement scand aright,
Whose sweete and sugred eloquence in midst of Counsaile sage
Hath such his endles fame achiv'de that, though fates headlong rage
Him hath destroide, he lives, and after death his vertues blaze. 750
Lord Chauncelour he of England, and the Brodeseales Keeper was.
Whose honourable seat Sir Thomas Bromeley doth beseeme, (decorate

Thought worthie of that dignitie by censure of the Queene,
The prudent troupe of Senatours their suffrage yealding like.
Which lawes in equall ballance weyes, and, cancelling out, doth strike
Which over-ponderous to him seemes, that which is good and right
May thereof spring, and middle place possess may vertue bright.
Next thy Lord Marques (Winchester) his worthie seat did take,
Renowmed whom the title high of Treasurer did make,
A man of wondrous gravitie whilst that he ran his race 760
On earth, but, crookt through age at last, to destine he gave place.

Before all these came forth, blacke frowning Fortune spurning back,
Whose faith in danger dire at hand, from sincere heart extract,
The Prince had tried Lord Cicill, and of all the Counsaile sage
By Princesse verdict chiefe assignd, now stroke with drowping age,
And worne in yeares, with study leane, and sickly on his feat.
For great affaires white hoary heares and croked age to fleet,
Do cause before their time, which then scarce fortie yeares had rought.
Seldome to sleepe addict, from slender diett seldome brought.
Still grave and modest found, at no time given to dallying play, 770
Where that he talkt, or musing sate, it earnest was alway.
A fautor of religion true, of right he studious was,
In this our age thinges of great waight borne for to bring to passe,
Whose love towardes his native soile and faith, towardes his Queene,
Whose wisdome, busied still about his countries causes seene,
Beyond Europa borders hath atchiv'd him endles fame.
Nor here he first to aid his prince with learned counsell came,
For in King Edwardes noble Court he wondrous credite wanne,
And Counsellour to his leich to be in bloming youth began, (liege
When mongst the Britaine Peeres he hurlie burlie tumultes wrought 780
By prudent circumspection to quaile and bring to nought.
And whil'st some others furrowes deepe in gustie channels cast,
Their hollow hulls tos'd and turmoild with Aeolls whurling blast,
And sometime downe with headlong fall the infernall pitts do see.
He both his honour, and his seat and name preserveth free.
How wary in Queen Maryes daies, he did him selfe behave,
And sailes which hung aloft at mast to windes relenting gave,
Because it better is to yeeld to rough and mightie force
Of raging floud than strand against and to resist his course,
Which doth a dedly perill press, and certaine harme procure. 790
By judgement plaine, apparent doth express his wisedome sure,
That for sixe yeares, amidst his foes, unhurt he upright stoode,
Thouh persecuted with the hate of Cayphas wicked broode,
In everie way, in every street, in London royall mart,
To all mens vew proceeding forth. When as the greatest part
In forreine nations bannisht straide, him Jove preserv'd at hand.
He externe princes legates heard attentive, whilest the hest
They of their lordes declared, and aunswere prompt againe exprest,
In counsell grave a Nestor, which now noble Burghley hight, (is named
Of woodes and auncient farmes and castles strong adjacent pight, (pitched 800
Which both the common treasurie of goods confiscate keepe,
He being fully advertised of waightie causes deepe.
It worth rehearsall is forthwith with what industrious care
He doth disside the strife and right ascribes, by judgement rare,
Not above two daies space deferring it, or three at most,
Unless of pointes so intricate the matter stand composde
That without longer trackt of time it may not be unfold.
Which laud as chiefest, veriest eke, let this high lordling hold.
The mightie Earle of Arundel is in ths order tide,
The Penbroke prudent Peere insuing jointly by his side, 810
Both Stewards of the royall house, of their renowmed guide.
The warlike navy of the Queene came, Clinton, to thy care,
Whereof full thirtie yeares agoe though hast tuition bare,
Nor to thy little honour it redoundes three princes strong
That thou hast serv'd, thy selfe of bloud of auncient Peeres esprong, (sprung from
Atchieving many hard exploites a-shipborde, and on shore.
Lincoln, this warlike Earle, hath with title due upbore.
Next of the Princes chamber was Lord Haward chiefe assigned,
A man to anger prone, howbeit of gentle courteous minde,
Whose uncle title high of Duke and nephew erst did binde. 820
Whome dead, in like degree, the Earle of Sussex did succeede,
A most redoubted Peere, of courage haut, and bold indeed. (high
Thy royall parsons gardon strong and faithfull tride alwaies, (warden
Elizabeth, prest to attempt the brunt of all assayes.
In fearfull Mavors bickering jar, through minde unconquered haut, (Mars'
Who oftentimes the salvage Rerne subdued hath in assaut,
Whom noble victorie did adorne, in blouddy warres atchiev'de,
Yet from a righteous justicer he chiefest laud deriv'de.
When Mary did her flickering sp'rite out breath, the Britaine guide
By chaunce at Hatfield with her troupe of ladyes did abide. 830
Her noble parson with a crue of yeomen garded strong.
Lord Dudley on a palfray fierce up mounted swift along
Doth thther post, his colour white as winters snow, tall pight,
His buttockes brode bespred, his brest and backe most faire in sight.
As mightie Alexanders steede, throughout the world renownd,
Bucepalus, or courser fierce of Castor, whom men sound
Of Laedaes egge esprong, this in all pointes resembling those.
So with his his hoofes carreiring in the thinne aire swift he goes.
For of a stripling tought that arte by riders, till this time
He doth delight on lofte steedes all fierie fierce to clime. 840
Where when he came, and license had to come unto her sight,
On bended knees he prostrae falles and duetie doth aright.
Here Robert Dudley, then of comely corpes and stature tall (body
Whome fresh and blooming youth commended goodly there withall.
Assigned Maister of the Horse by Her Most Royall Grace,
Doth alwayes on Her Majestie attend from place to place,
As often as she rides, her person next, and like a true Achates kinde,
His mistres serves, her person next, insuing joint behinde,
And takes for guerdon of his paynes, and meede for vertue true,
An honourable name, with large revenewes thereto due. 850
With portlike houses faire, and stately turretts huge in hight,
Whome Leycester her Earle acknowledgeth, and whom by right
With honour due all Albion land doth worship and imbrace.
For he exalted up aloft, and set in royall place,
By lowly mind and courteous deedes hath wone the Britaines heartes.
Pale Envy, and of mallice fell the sharpe and poysoned dartes
The myndes of many noble men with venome blacke bespotts.
Howbeit this Peer is free from raging envies filing dropps.
He lab'reth all to helpe, not damage on poore men to heape,
When that he can, hath still redound unto his glory great. 860
Most bountefull, with stretched hand he almes devout doth give,
Which aged and decrepit folkes erected for to relive
His hospitall at Warwicke shewes, with annuall rentes thereto.
And Coventry can testitifie, where godly preachers doe
Continually the blessed Word of hye Jehove set downe.
To these annexed comes which Huntington with chiefe renowne
Adornes, and guidaunce great of Britaines northarne borders large,
With fame augmented high extolls, whereof long time the charge
With counsaile rare, much gravitie, and faith unspotted bore.
To him deserved prayse hath wonne, and Princesse favour more 870
Increasd, and native countries peace and safetie made succeed.
He in his yong and tender yeares did auncient authors reed,
Which wisedome and philosophie, in Greeke or Latine tong
Contained, play mate to Edward Prince, of auncient race esprong,
Of mighty kinges their bookes, and graver studies layd apart.
The preachers Word this potentate hard with attentive hart,
Whose life with vertuous manners most coruscant glorious shind.
The Warwicke Earle, renownd in armes, of mighty Warwickes kind, (race
From noble stocke of grandsiers old esprong, of stomacke stout,
In skirmage grim, despising death, and glory seeking out, (skirmish
More pretious then his life. And Bedford Earle, which justice seedes,
And godlynesse doth dayly sow, religious in his deedes,
Professour true of Jesus Christ, a fosterer of the sicke
And needy soules. In Counsaile both to Britaine monarch sticke.
to these that mighty lord renowmed Hunsden joyntly joynes,
Whose noble aunt, the gratious Queene, delivered from her loynes,
Espousd in Hymens sacred bandes to Henryes royall grace.
What, should I all recite? One yet remaynes, who in this place
Demeritts not with smallest laud to be remembred here,
Of noble stocke, of grandsiers old, yet he himselfe a Peere, 890
Far more renowmde then they. Sir Henry Sidney, prudent knight,
With the most noble order of the Golden Garter dight,
Whom Ireland thrise embassadour, holding the royal mace,
Hath seen, and, executing lawes, set in his Ladies place.
Nor onely seene, but felt, yea feard, and eke imbrac'd with love,
That no man hath as true report (and fame the same can prove)
That region entred in, with greater favour of the same,
Governe in greater awe, or with more wailyng from it came.
Not onely externe Irish coastes his noble laud resound,
But Wales, on part of Albion land which doth on Severne bound 900
(Severne a mighty floud, which twixt the borders sliding flowes),
Her Presidentes most worthy prayse with trompe of fame out blowes.
Under whose prudent government she long hath flourisht free
From daunger, that it doubtfull seemes where they more happy be.
Being there President exult, or equall Judge, rejoyse.
Long since, renowmd Elizabeth. Fraunce hard his surgred voyce,
Thy legate being than of goodly stature comely sett.

Nor, Pary, shall I they ydrencht in Lethe floudes forgett,
Which in extreme adversitie a faithfull counsailour wast,
When Fortune had not yet the crowne upon thy lady cast, 910
And shewdst thy selfe a servaunt true,which safetie didst respect,
Of thy deare mistresse when thou dist those traitours guiles detect.
Into this sacred company the Duke of Northfolke chose,
Even in the floure of all his time his vitall breth did lose.
Smith both with pregnant witt abound, commended eke beside
With all the noble sciences, whose councell hath bene tride,
Both just and sound, by destinies tane, both closd in tombe abide. (taken
Let here Syr Frauncis Knolls obtaine his seat amongst the rout,
A man of wondrous constancie, religious, grave, a stout
Defendour of the fayth, who least he should destruction dire 920
Behold, and godly men consumde with scorching brands of fire,
The blouddy English clergy then incenst with outrage fell,
He fled his native soyle in externe coastes, and chose to dwell
Amongst the Germaines, rather there to lead a lothsome life
In mestive grief, and there to dye, then painted idols rife
In sacred temples see. Nor happpy England had at all
Him back retournd beheld, nor rich possessions home could call,
But that renownd Elizabeth her fathers regall crowne
Most glorious did sustaine, on whom her neace, in duetie bownd,
Sir Frauncis loyal spouse, attendant servd at every beck. 930
The valiant courage of their mynde his ancestours did deck
About three hundred winters past, and corps most goodly pight, (well-knit bodies
With dread not to be daunted when of yore that mighty knight,
Edward the Third, did blouddy warres agaynst the Celtanes reare. (the French
Then doughtie Knolls most valiantly himselfe in armes did beare,
And did atchive such hard exploites as may the myndes delight
Of such as reed our chronicles, whose noble offspring bright,
Yet flourishing at this day, shall make their nephewes yet to come
To flourish more, if mighty Jove, which sits in highest rome,
The godlines and righteous minde of the aged sier regard. 940
Next Ambrose Cave insues, then Hatton, which the Princes gard
Of yeomen tall doth lead, with chearefull hart to studentes pore
A liberall Moecenas, none religion favouring more.
What, should I tell the giftes ingraft within his vertuous mynde,
Or sharpnes of his witt, if cause you urge it out to finde? {if perchance
In hearing of the Senate grave with what mellifluous phrase
And dulcett voyce he speakes, how loving he doth all imbrace
And, puissant, men couragious doth affect, and hurtes no wight.
Ralfe Sadler with his penne, and Gwalter Mildmay scanning right
The arithemetricians art, both cunning clarkes whom vertue gaind 950
By long use hath extold, and wisedom in most thinges attained,
They both in Senate House perswade, and counsaile grave downe lay.
Chroftes, in his royal mistresse house Controllore, now doth stay,
And with his valiant burly corps adornes the Princes hall,
Which erst in campes of dreadfull Mars did force the foe to fall.
In Englandes chief affaires one Secretarie to the Queen
Is Walsingham, who legate then of Britayne Prince was seene
At Paris, when the slaughter great and dire destruction was,
And such effusion vast was made of Christian bloud, alas.
A godly man of courage high, with bribe not to be bought, 960
Nor by corrupting chraft from path of justice to be brought, (graft
But happy sure, which suppliant doth talke with the heavenly King,
But secreatly, as soone as clad he from his bed doth spring,
And of ech day by vowes devout doth good abodements take. (presages
O would that many such great kings would of their Counsaile make!
Then should, no doubt, ech commen weale in blessed state remaine,
And old Saturnus Golden Age would be renewde againe.
Commended eke with sondry vertues rare the other was
Wilson, whose flickering ghost of late to aierie coastes did passe.
These doth the Princesse use, these Counsailours hath she usde of yore. 970
For what to happy end with good successe may well be bore
If that with wavering minde you holesome counsaile do despise?
Ech state into subversion runnes devoyde of good advise
And counsaile gave, which ballaunce in Justice equall wights,
So that without extorting fraude it ech man give his right,
The peoples blessed state and kingdomes happines wil insue.
Foreseyng wisedome towers upreares, and castells fayre in vew,
By which eke earthly monarches hye in happy blisse remaine.
Peace shineth in those landes, and plenteous store of fruite and grayne
Throughout the fayre broad fieldes with fragrant hearbes adornisht growes. 980
Such blessings from his heavenly throne almighty Jove bestowes
Both on those people, and their land, which doe his name adore
And dread with suppliant hartes, and of hye Jove obey the lore,
And wise are in the Lord. For true wisedome is in deede
To know Jehove and Christ his sonne, Which from Him did proceede,
Descending downe into the earth, from filthy sinnese to clense
Those which belev'd, and to preserve from Helles infernall dennes.
O native land, God graunt, o England, that thy wisedome bright
Herein appeare, that Gods good giftes though doe acknowledge right,
And meekly thankes condigne bestow on Him with gratefulll hart! 990
What better or what greater gift may Jove with thee impart?
A guider of thine imperie, adornd with heavenly minde, (empire
He gentlie hath bestowne both learned, wise, severe, and kinde,
Who, since she bore the regall mace, such profitt hath up reard
Unto thy coastes as never have thine auncent kings of yore.
Gods worship true she hath restord, suppresd and drownde before,
And hath procurde that for the space of twentie years and three
Thy people wander may on land and surging salt streames free
From direfull harmes which gastly broyles of Mars procure and heape,
For onely in tranquillitie she doth her subjectes keepe 1000
At home, but would with all hart, and her indevour eke,
The externe peoples furious rage compresse, who dayly seeke
Their owne destruction fell, and reare up dreadfull skirmage still, (skirmish
Wherein with mutuall wound the brother doth his brother kill,
And neighbour doth with goary knife his neighbours hart bloud spill.
Under the wings of Jove Almight consistes men mortalls will,
No Man his owne desire performes without Gods sacred powre.
Perchaunce that the impious sort of men do penaunce [ . . . ] more sowre,
The cause lyes hid, or sole is knowne to God the eternall guide,
Whose strong hand did erect the starrie regions ingine wide. 1010
A noble and most excellent bright vertue mercy is.
Though she be mighty if she list, and courage doth not misse
In royall brest, yet anger she holdes with restricted raynes,
Sometimes of heynous trespasses un[ . . . ]yng penall paynes.
Thid did she when she Princess was, nor royall crowne did beare.
This doth she, though the diademe, most noble Queene, she weare.
An injurie was offered erst by a renowned kyng,
Which certaine hope in boldned minde conceaving wroth would bring
That which was none of his unto his hands by wrestling might,
But by leave of so mighty a prince, if lawfull be the right 1020
For to declare, he adavarous would his neighbours goods extort (avaricious
Contrarie to Joves sacred hest. But penaunce he payde for't,
In midst of all his triumph, layne by destinies cruell dome.
Elizabeth, unwitting it, secure remainde at home.
What buckler of unconquered ayde for our annoynted Prince
Such a miraclous deede fulfild in one eyes twinckling blince? (blink
Our kingdomes cause who did defend, and shrine from such a foe?
Who but the Lord, Which heaven doth rule, and lands and seas also?
What, should I speake the daughters lawes attempts her husbands sire (daughter-in-law
[ . . . . . . . ] to Limbo darcksome lakes whose unkle did conspire. 1030
[ . . . . . . . . . . . . . ]ions new, in winter season told
[ . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ] of Fraunce, the Scotish [ . . . ] told.
[ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ]eltring stoude orewhelmd did [ . . . ] trye,
Incom[ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . oth]erwise, the other which did [ . . . ]
Backe to th[e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ] of Lyth were [ . . . ] costlie
From externe [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] with shame of infamie.
So without bloudshed [ . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ]arne Albion fieldes.
He did vouchsafe the traitrous [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . t]o subdue,
Which Warwicke Earle, and Sussexe Peer [ . . . ] might overthrowe.
And Haward scarse the horsemen troupes and ranked [ . . . . . . . ] joynt 1040
To Scottish craggie mountaine tops did chase with [ . . . . .. . . . . . ] poynt.
What by his false and fickle fath doth th' Irish rebell gayne,
Who, traiterous insurrections desirious to maintaine,
Doth lurke in shrubbie groves, or hides in flaggie marish low? (swampy marsh
Did not their externe fautors fall by stout Grayes doughtie blow?
Thou, Winter, on the other side from shipbord hasting, wast
At hand, thy whurling cannon shott the Spanish rampier cast (rampart
Downe groveling, and the Popish ranckes did feele thy mighty hand.
Elizabeth in peace triumphantly doth rule her land,
And shall, I hope, triumph as long as Debora did raigne, 1050
Whose tracte of life, whose thoughts, whose crowne almighty Jove maintaine
For many yeares, blesse and preserve, in calme peace to remain.
And after mortall life, these worldy thoughts and crowne forlorne,
With endlesse life, divine affectes, and heavenly crowne adorne.