COMMENTARY NOTES

1 Nicolettus quidam Evidently Gwinne means the philosopher Nicolettus Vernias, who was on the faculty of the University of Padua at the end of the 15th c.
1 intus et in cute An idiom taken from Persius, Satire iii.30.
1 Num suo se pede metitur Cf. Horace, Epistulae I.vii.98, metiri se quemque suo modulo ac pede verum est.
1 versatque diu Horace, Ars Poetica 39f.
1 cum Roscio…cum Statilio Roscius was the great actor of the late Roman Republic, a kind of Roman David Garrick. Statilius is the bad actor described by Cicero, Pro Quinto Roscio Comoedio xxx.4.
1 invita Minerva A proverbial expression used by Cicero, De Officiis I.x.10, Epistulae ad Familiares III.i.15, XII.xxv.1, and Horace, Ars Poetica 385.
1 se pro leone venditat There is probably an allusion here to Aesop’s fable of The Lion and the Donkey (Phaedrus I.xi).
2 ἀπροσδιόνυσα In the early days of Greek drama, conservatives were scandalized when plays began to be performed that did not dramatize myths about Dionysus.
2 Nam ut Cato dicitur Albino This anecdote comes from Aulus Gellius, Noctes Atticae XI.viii.2.
3 ut olim Pherecrates Fr. 145 Kock (quoted by Plutarch, De Musica p. 1141E.
3 Melampidem, Timotheum, Phrynim Three innovative (and therefore, in Pherecrates’ eyes, bad, musicians of the late fifth century B. C.). This Timotheus was a different man than the one mentioned more approvingly below.
3 Pars minima est Ovid, Remedia Amoris 344.
3 Ornari res ipsa Manilius, Astonomica III.39.
4 Agrippa fuit Henricus Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, De incertitudine & vanitate scientiarum & artium, atque excellentia verbi Dei declamatio (Paris, 1531), which can be read here and is discussed in the Introduction.
4 κἃν διαρραγῇς ψευδόμενος Demosthenes, De Corona xxi.8.
4 Τὸ ψεύδες ὄνειδος I cannot identify the source of this quote; it is not from any work included in the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae data bank.
5 Alium quendam Gwinne now turns his attention to Stephen Gosson, author of The Schoole of Abuse (1579, available here), discussed in the Introduction.
5 ut Plato loquitur Plato, in fact , never uses this world (nor does any author included in the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae data bank).
5 quod in sua schola Graecorum otio I. e., if he uses the word “school” in the original sense of the Greek σχολή (“leisure, spare time).
5 terrae filius Here this phrase is used in its normal sense of “a nobody, a clod,” and has nothing to do with the special Oxonian connotation of this word, “a jester with special license to speak his mind freely.”
5 quam Agamemnon Clytamnestrae When Agamemnon went off to fight the Trojan war, he left Clytaemnestra in the care of his court bard.
5 ex imperatoribus Epaminondas Epaminondas was a great Theban general of the fourth century B. C., but scarcely an emperor. It is surprising to see Nero mentioned in this context, which rather tends to undercut the case Gwinne is striving to make.
5 ex philosophis Socrates In Plato’s Phaedo (p. 60), Socrates tells how he has had dreams urging him to make music). Menedemus, the founder of the Eretrian school. In his Lives of the Philosophers (II.x), Diogenes Laertius describes how he was on good terms with a number of poets and musicians.
5 quam Timotheus Alexandro Alexander’s friend, the musician Timotheus of Boeotia (who figures in Dryden’s —and Handel’s —Alexander’s Feast and in Pope’s Essay on Criticism).
5 quam Caesar in Hermogene For Caesar cf. Porphyri on Horace, Sermones I.ii, lemma pr., 3. The correct reading that follows should be Terpno (cf. Suetonius, Nero xx.i). For Antony and Anaxenor cf. Plutarch, Life of Antony xxiv.2. For Demetrius of Phaleron and the musically talented courtesan Lamia cf. (e. g.) Plutarch, Life of Demetrius xxv.9, Aelian, Varia Historia XII.xvii.1, and Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae III.lix.29.
5 Argivis Telesilla Tyrtaeus was an early Spartan poet. Telesilla of Argos was a noted female poet of the fifth century B. C.
5 Terpander Lacedaemoniis Terpander was an early Lesbian poet. When he won a prize for playing the cythara in the 26th Olympiad, held at Sparta, he founded a school of music there.
5 Ismenias valetudinariis Ismenias of Thebes is supposed to have used music to relieve the suffering of some old men afflicted by sciatica.
5 Sic nuper quidem Ward (p. 86) identifies this individual as a Mr. Hilton.
6 quia plura in musicae encomium Oxford Lecturers were required to lecture on set texts, in Gwinne’s case no doubt Boetius’ De Musica.