Notes to the Introduction

NOTE 1 John Sanford, Apollonis et Musarum Εὐκτικὰ Εἰδύλλια. Printed at Oxford later in the same year by Joseph Barnes.

NOTE 2 Edward Forsett: Pedantius, Prepared with an Introduction by E. F. J. Tucker (Renaissance Latin Drama in England Series II.9, Hildesheim 1989) 12.

NOTE 3 The best available portrait of Harvey is the biographical section of Virginia F. Stern, Gabriel Harvey: His Life, Marginalia, and Library (Oxford, 1979); the reader may also be interested in Edward George Harman, Gabriel Harvey and Thomas Nashe (London 1923).

NOTE 4 Similar comedic elements are also embodied in such other academic comedies as the plays of the Parnassus cycle and Robert Burton’s Philosophaster.

NOTE 5 G. B. Churchill and Wolfgang Keller, “Die lateinischen Universitäts-Dramen England in der Zeit der Königen Elisabeth,” at Shakespeare Jahrbuch 34 (1898), 277f. and Tucker p. 10f. Nashe’s testimony is accepted by G. C. Moore Smith, Pedantius: A Latin Comedy Formerly Acted in Trinity College, Cambridge (Materialien zur Kunde des älteren Englischdramas VIII, Louvain, 1905) xxxii - li, and Frederick S. Boas, University Drama in the Tudor Age (Oxford, 1914, repr. New York, 1966) 151 - 5. It should be noted that in his recent discussion Tucker was evidently unaware of Boas’ important study, which he did not cite in his bibliography.

NOTE 6 Earlier in the play we are given evidence that he is not quite what he purports to be. See the note on 586, where he makes a damaging admission about the depth of his learning.

NOTE 7 We must remember that Forsett’s period was a great age for the compilation of dictionaries, linguistic manuals and textbooks.

NOTE 8 The satiric travelogue by Gager’s good friend Richard Eedes, Iter Boreale (1583) contains several echoes of Pedantius, which suggests that a copy found its way to Oxford quite early. Evident verbal echoes are pointed out in commentary notes on lines 170, 495, 497, and 530.

JNOTE 9 See the note on 1655.

NOTE 10 Defined by Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics 4 p. 1408a21, this comic type has been studied by Otto Ribbeck, Alazon (Leipzig, 1885).

NOTE 11 Nashe did not matriculate from Trinity (as a sizar) until 1582 and so did not witness the original performance. He may have been misled because as an undergraduate he had heard of the conflict between Harvey and Wingfield over the Oratorship and mistakenly associated the play with this incident. Or perhaps Wingfield was involved in its production. (In his discussion of the play, Boas accepted the tradition of Wingfield’s authorship.)

NOTE 12 Records of Early English Drama: Cambridge (Toronto, 1989) I.297f., where all documentation pertinent to the original performance are given.

NOTE 13 See the biographical information provided by Smith, p. xii - xvi and Tucker, p. 3.

NOTE 14 (Cambridge, 1858 - 61) II.441f. They inclined to the belief that the play was written by Walter Hawkeworth of Trinity College, but mention the claims of Forsett, Wingfield, and Dr. Thomas Beard.