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THE YEAR 1617

January 1 A humble petition on behalf of Garter King of Arms is shown the King, together with testimony of the Heralds in his favor.
4. The manor of the Earl of Arundel at Greenwich, which Henry Earl of Northampton had erected, burned by an accidental fire.
5 George Viscount Villiers is created Earl of Buckingham in the audience chamber at Westminster in the afternoon, in the presence of the Queen and the Prince.
The revival of the recently-quashed Company of Adventurers was sharply debated and discussed, and it was re-founded.
Consultations about raising funds for the King’s Scottish journey.
At the end of the month southerly winds blew hard, and the weather was wholly southerly, so much so that throughout gardens and fields flowers came into bloom, and (not without our astonishment) thrushes laid their eggs.
February 3 Elisabeth Darcy, Baron Lumley’s widow, died.
4. *** de Toure, the French King’s Ambassador, paid a call on the King at Westminster.
On the same day the Earl of Buckingham was taken onto the Privy Council. Soon he persuaded the King not to visit Scotland, at which the King was peeved, but quickly soothed.
12 Sir Thomas Monson showed the Chief Justice of the Royal Bench the writ of pardon which he had obtained from the King, which (as the lawyers say) was allocuted.
An assembly of the M. A.’s of Oxford University was held at Baynard’s Castle, London, and William Earl of Pembroke, whom (the Chancellor of England having resigned from this postion) the University had elected as its Chancellor, accepted that high office.
13 The King sat in the Star Chamber, and sentence was pronounced against the youths Bellingham and *** Christmas, who had acted in despite of the proclamation against duelling. They were fined £1000, and the King delivered an eloquent speech against duels.
15 The French Ambassadors dined with the King. They were given a most elegant banquet by Baron Hay.
22 *** le Toure said his farewell to the King.
Altham, Baron of the Exchequer, died.
24 The Household Chapel at Greenwich, founded by Henry Earl of Northampton, was consecrated by the Bishop of Rochester, in the presence of the Earls of Arundel, Dorchester, the Bishops of London and Ely, and some members of the Merchants Company.
Edward Hoby dies.
March 3 Delegates acting on behalf of the Earl Marshal of England convened in the College of Arms, called Darby Place, and made many proposals about increasing the Heralds’ salaries, removing their wives from the College, and putting a stop to abuses. The King visited the Chancellor, who was ailing and because of the infirmity of his old age wishing to resign his office, and he handed over his Seal to the weeping King.
4 The newly-built theater in Drury Lane is pulled down by an unruly crowd, and its scenery ripped to shreds.
7 The Great Seal is given to Francis Bacon, the King’s Attorney, age 54, whom the King admonished that he seal nothing except well-advisedly, that he judge according to the right and the good, nor over-extend the royal prerogative.
13 It is conceded to Mervin Audley, who has taken upon himself the name of Lord Audley, that he may be summoned to trial in the Star Chamber under the name of Lord Touche, but not to any other courts. But the next day his father, the Earl of Portchester, died.
14 Towards four in the afternoon the King began his journey to Scotland.
Yelverton was appointed Attorney, and Coventry Sollicitor.
Anthony Benn is elected Recorder of London in Coventry’s place.
15 Viscount Brackley, lately the Chancellor, after the Earl of Buckham had visited him first, and then the Keeper of the Seal, and they had indicated that the King was granting him the title of an Earl and an annual pension, expired at age 77. Possibly the nearer he saw evils approaching the State, being an upright man, he desired an honorable end.
A great sum of money is levied on the Londoners, not without their muttering.
James Baron Hay taken onto the Privy Council.
Baron Roos has returned from Spain.
Edward Noel, Baronet of Dalby, becomes Baron Noel of Ridling in the County of Rutland (since Dalby sold his patrimony to the Earl of Buckingham for a fair price), without investiture.
24 Proclamation about the wool stape in England.
28 Walter Ralegh, who has had designs on Guiana and for that purpose has outfited a fleet, departed London, even though the Spanish King’s Ambassador attempted to obstruct him with many arguments.
Baron Evers has died, from whom Thomas Baron Gerard purchased the office of Governor of Wales.
April *** John Baron Hunsdon has died.
5 Viscount Brackley, lately the Chancellor, was bured at Dodleston in the countryside of Cheshire without a funeral pomp.
14 The Marquess d’Anché, Marshal of France, dies at Paris, and his body is monstrously savaged by the dregs of the common people.
May 7 Jacob Augustus de Thou, splendor of France and prince of historians in our times, for whom I am obliged to lament, has died.
On the first day of term, Francis Bacon, Keeper of the Seal, proceeds with solemn pomp to Westminster Hall, in this order: 1. scribes and lesser officials of the Chancery; 2. students of the law; 3. servants of the noble Keeper, sergeants, and a bearer of the Seal, on foot; 4. he himself on horseback, in a purple satin gown, between the Tresasur and the Keeper of the Privy Seal; 5. Earls, Barons, Privy Councellors; 6. the nobles thrust themselves in here; 7. judges, who were appointed a place next after the Privy Councellors. The Treasurer and the Keeper of the Privy Seal take his oath, as the Crown Clerk reads it out.
The Bishop of Durham, William James, is dead. Richard Neile, Bishop of Lincoln, is appointed in his place.
13 The King entered Scotland.
16 Edinburgh.
28 Viscount Brackley is created Earl of Bridgewater. This day letters patent are sealed.
39 On Ascension Day Sir Roger Owen dies, mentally incompent.
June 14 John Bennett, Doctor of Laws and knight, returns from the Archduke [of Austria], with whom he expostulated about a libellous pamphlet written (as is believed) by Ericus Putaneus.
16 Doctor Chetwind is elected Dean of Bristol.
John Digby, the Vice-Chancellor, makes preparations for his journey to Spain.
30 The Parliament in Scotland is dissolved.
July *** John Herbert, Second Secretary, died in Wales, leaving behind a single daughter, married to William Dodington of Bremer.
A quarrel has grown up between Edward Coke, the former Justice, and his wife, about the betrothal their daughter to John Villiers, brother of the Earl of Buckingham.
31 Wedding of Francis Lee to Banning’s widow.
August 4 Coming from Scotland, the King arrives at Carlysle, where Marquess Hamilton is taken onto the Privy Council of England.
*** Darella Lady Abergavenny, wife of William Sidley, Baronet, died while setting out for the hunt.
At this time William Baron Roos removes himself from England.
12 Proclamation of restoring the Merchant Adventurers’ Company, given at Aston, and published on August 23.
Anthony Mildmay died.
September 13 The King arrives at Westminster, received by the Lord Mayor of London at Hyde Park.
Sir Daniel Dun of the Requests died.
Edward Coke recalled to the Privy Council.
29 At Hampton Court was celebrated the marriage between John Villiers, brother of the Earl of Buckingham, and Frances, younger daughter of Edward Coke the ex-Justice.
James Montagu Bishop of Winchester taken onto the Privy coiuncil.
October 20 George Mountaigne, Dean of Westminister, is elected to the bishopric of Lincoln.
Deaths of Chaplain Bruce, Sylvanus Scory, and Elizabeth Bruges.
27 Ralph Winwood, Secretary to the King, breathed his last, having occupied this office for three years and about five monaths.
November 1 The Venetian Ambassador called on the King.
2 Elizabeth, sister of Edward Coke, is restored to her liberty.
3 The Bishop of Winchester entertains the nobles who acccompanied the King to Scotland at a banquet at Winchester Houie in Southwark, which he had restored.
4 The Ambassador of Muscovy is splendidly entertained by the citizens of Lodnon.
Baron Cobham is sent back to the Tower, most destitute of all resouces.
5 Henry Rich, second son of Baron Rich, is made Captain of the King’s Bodyguard, Viscount Fenton resigning the position (for a price).
Westminster School entertained the Keeper of the Seal and the justices of the kingdom at a banquet, where the Keeper of the Seal showed himself generous to the royal boys.
6 Lucy, daughter of the Earl of Northumberland, married James Lord Hay of Sawley at the Wardrobe at London. The King honored the marriage with his present at the dinner.
9 The Ambassador from Czar Michael of the Russians, paid a call on the King, and giave him hawks, precious furs, small animals, a dagger, and a Persian bow.
10 The King departed Westminster for Royston.
Francis Godwin, Bishop of Llandaff, is translated to the See of Hertford, after the decease of Bishop Bennett, and George Carleton is promoted to the bishopric of Llandaff.
The King is enraged at the Doctors of Cambridge because of the growth of the Arminian sect among the academics.
Blount Montjoy, natural son of the Earl of Devonshire, is created Lord Montjoy of Fort Montjoy in Ireland, and Lambart Baron of Cavan.
December *** Ambassador from King Gustav of Sweden.
8 ***, son of Prince Anhalt, who had visited our King at Newmarket and the King of France at Paris, pays a call on the Queen at Denmark House, and is honorably received.
The Swedish Ambassador undertakes a journey to Newmarket.
9 Villeroi died at Rouen, when he had served the Kings of France fifty years and twenty-seven days, at the age of seventy-five.
14 Nicholas Fenton, Doctor of Sacred Theology, rector of St. Mary-of-the-Arches, London, and George Mountaigne, Dean of Westminster, having been duly elected, were consecrated, the one Bishop of London, the other Bishop of Ely, with the Bishops of Rochester, Lichfield, and Spalato laying on hands, and Dominus Sutton delivering the sermon.
The Scotsman Belcanquell was made Master of the Household of the Savoy.
16 Robert Tolson is intsalled as Dean of the Church College of Westminster, having sworn the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and oaths against simony and for the good welfare of the Church of Westminster.
22 A second son was born to the Palatine Elector on the 22nd (old style), which is Janaury 1 in the new style.
29 The King was informed that his daughter Elizabeth has given birth to a son for the Palatine Elector, and there was public joy, ringing of bells, and bonfires.
29 Baron Clifton was given into custody at the Tower of London, because he said that he regretted not stabbing the Lord Keeper of the Seal when he had pronounced sentence against him.

THE YEAR 1618

Januaryy 2 George Villiers Earl of Buckingham, being handed letters patent with no investiture, is (beyond the expectations of all men) created Marquess of Buckingham, for himself and the heirs masculine of his body, with the Keeper of the Seal, the Treasurer, the Duke of Lennox, Marquess Hamilton, the Chamberlain, the Earls of Arundel and Montgomery, and Vicounts de l’Isle, Wallingford, Fenton and others present as witnesses.
2 Walter Ralegh seized the town of St. Thomas, and his son was killed there.
3 George Earl [sic] of Buckingham entertained the King and the Peers with a most elegant banquet.
4 The Keeper of the Seal becomes the Chancellor of England, with the Seal surrendered in the Chancellor’s name.
On the same day the Muscovite Ambassador is given a banquet at the King’s resident.
6. On the Day of Epiphany a dramatic performance is put on by the Prince for the King, attended by the Spanish Ambassador, to the indignation of the French Ambassador.
8 Departing Westminster, the King appoints Robert Naunton, Master of Requests and Surveyor of the Court of Wards, the second of his Principal Secretaries.
10 Bailiff, who deserted Ralegh, is committed to close custody.
11 In his [Naunton’s] place Hugh May is substituted as Master of the Court of Wards, and Ralph Freeman as Master of Requests, and a little later Sidney Montagu and Lionel Cranfield, so that now the are four officials.
19 Louis Conquest, younger son of *** Conquest, appointed executor in his testament, and his elder brother are haled before Delegates acting on behalf of the Earl Marshal, that they prepared all the funeral hangings for their father’s burial without consulting the Geralds, and hung them in the church. The delegates decided that they should pay ten crowns (?) to the College of Heralds, defray the cost of York Herald’s journey, and pay two pounds to Clerencieux King of Arms..
Quarrel between the Chief Justice of the Royal Bench and Anthony Benn, Recorder of London.
Thomas Edmonds becomes Treasurer of the Household upon Baron Wotton’s resignation, Henry Clay the Comptroller, and Henry Mildmay, younger son of Humphrey Mildmay, Master of the Revels.
27 Sir John Dacomb, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, died, whose daughter married Thomas Smith, or Neville, son and heir of Sir Thomas Neville of Holt in the County of Leicester.
He was Chancellor from the month of May, 1616, when Thomas Parry died.
31 Simon Digby returns from Spain with letters.
Peter Ally, sent back by Ralegh, reported he is in poor health, and that a number of volunteers have perished of disease.
Francis Blundell is made Master of Requests for Ireland, upon the resignation of Humphrey May, and afterwards knighted. He was a servant of Secretary Ralph Winwood, and born in Buckinghamshire.
February I Henry Carey was made Comptroller of the Royal Household, and Thomas Edmonds Treasurer in place of Baron Wotton.
The sun did not shine on the Feast of Mary’s Purification. See if a greater freeze is not to come according to rustics’ observations and the rhyme.
6 Baron von Winninburg, Ambassador of the Palatine Elector, paid a call on the Queen, and invited her, together with Prince Charles and the other royal children to make her pledge in connection with the baptism of his newborn little son.
8 Edward Talbot, eighth Earl of Shropshire of that family, died without issue, and on the tenth day was buried at night at Westminster.
14 The King arrives at Westminster.
Francis Leigh, son of Francis Leigh, Knight of the Bath, by Mary, daughter of Thomas Egerton, Chancellor of England, wed ***, daughter of John Butler by Villery, sister of the Marquess of Buckingham and widow of Francis Anderson, second son of Edmund Anderson, Chief Justice of the Common Bench.
The King was peeved at Secretary Thomas Lake because of Lady Roos’ slanders against the Countess of Essex.
20 William Monson’s son, a handsome lad who, being bribed, courted the King’s favor, was ordered in the King’s name by the Chamberlain, since he was son of such a father, a Papist, and brought up in the court of the Archduke Albert, not to foist himself on the King any further, and not to come to Court.
22 Lady Roos is committed to the Bishop of London’s custody, her maid to Doubleday, and Thomas Lake’s attorney and Luke Hutton were imprisoned.
Trinity Island near Greenland is conceded to the citizens of Hull for fishing, in despite of the Muscovy Company.
The King suffers from a flux in the knee, and is not able to attend sermons.
28 Viscount Haddington’s little son, age ***, is buried at night at Westminster.
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Spenser, married first to George Baron Hunsdon, and then to Baron Ever, President of Wales, died at this time, and was buried at night at Westminster next to her first husband.
At this time three Barons were created in Ireland, Theobald de Burgo Baron of Bretta, Oliver Lambart Baron of Cavan, and Monjoy Blount, bastard of Charles, Earl of Devonshire, Baron of Fort Montjoy.
March 1 Sir Henry Peyton, whose mother was a daughter of John Bourchier Earl of Bath and father the customs officer of Plymouth, brought up by George Bourchier in the Irish wars, who had married Mary Rogers, daughter of Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, with King’s permission enlisted soldiers to support the Venetians against Ferdinand, King-elect of Bohemia.
2 Robert Abbot, Bishop of Salisbury and brother of the Archbishop of Centerbury, died after occupying the See for two years and three months. In his place was elected Martin Fotherby, Prebend of Canterbury.
4 Sir George Sandys was hanged for a felony.
5 The Spaniard Juan Luis, a monk of the Cictercian order, an impious blasphemer, having thrice been duly warned, was handed over to the secular arm in Zamoria on the river Duero.
Baily (?) is freed.
Lady Roos is freed from the Bishop of London’s custody.
6 The house of the Court of Stannary at Clegford collapsed, crushing Everly the Seneschal, Cottle, and others.
9 Humphrey May is appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and in his place Benjamin Ruddier is substituted as Master of the Court of Wards.
13 John Jegon, Bishop of Norwich, dies after occuping the See for fifteen years. He is succeeded by Overhall, Bishop of Lechfield, whose place is taken by Fenton, Bishop of Bristol.
16 The King departed for Oakham, having been laid up for fourteen days with the gout.
John Bridges, Bishop of Oxford, dies.
Many discussions about reducing the King’s domestic expenses.
There died:
Samuel Lennard
Baron Morley
Robert Darcy, Usher of the Prince’s Bedchamber; in his place is substituted
John North
April 8 A foot race is run between two foot soldiers, with the King present and a great throng coming together, though the weather is foul. By this crowd John Hubbard, son of the Chief Justice of the Bench of Common Pleas, who had married the daughter of Viscount de l’Isle, was gravely trampled.
Frequent hailstorms unto the 13th.
Marrais the French Ambassador said his farewell to the King.
22 The trees began to put forth leaves.
Ships hired by the Venetians left port.
23 Nobody was elected to the Order of the Garter on St. George’s Day, because no place was vacant.
The Archbishop of Spalato is made Master of the Savoy, Balancquell the Scotsman resigning.
25 A rumor (but an empty one) circulates about the return of John Digby from Spain.
May 3 Anthony Maxey, Dean of Windsor, dies. The Archbishop of Spalato is substituted in his place.
Francis Ashley was made Sergeant at Law.
7 John Digby, come back from Spain, returns to Court.
Baron Delaware sails to Virgina. Put in at S. Michaels, he is lavishly entertained by the governor, but setting sail from there, he dies with thirty others, not without suspicion of poison.
9 The King pays a call on the Queen, who is staying at Greenwich.
11 The question of Racline’s suit (?) against Randall MacDonell is discussed.
13 The Earl of Pembroke is taken off by a tertian ague.
John North, Baron North’s brother, announced bad news to the King about the unhappy expedition of Walter Ralegh to Guiana, with his son killed in an assault upon a Spanish fortification, Keim dead by cutting his own throat out of grief, and the fleet scattered.
23 Sir Robert Digby, brother of John the Vice-Chamberlain, died at Essex House.
On the same day Secretary Thomas Lake, because he suggested to the Countess of Suffolk that she retire from the city when the King was angry at her, thanks to the urgings of his enemies was ordered to confine himself to his house.
Oliver Lambart, Baron of Cavan, died.
24 By proclamation the King grants permission to everyone everyone (as previously has been permitted in the County of Lancaster) who has attended evensong on Sonday, that after their prayers they may entertain themselves in honest relaxations, dancing, bowls, archery, and likewise raising poles in May, indulging in May games and Morris dances. But those who have shall have refused to attend prayers are admonished to refrain from these entertainments.
30 Dudley Carleton, Ambassador to the United Provinces, returned to England.
31 On Trinity Sunday the Lord Mayor of London paid his customary visit to the King at Greenwich. The King admonished him about maintaining the channel of the river Thames, about the aqueduct at Middleton, about intinerent vagrants, and about the insolence of the London carters.
On the same day Dudley Diggs, Ambassador to Russia, bade farewell to the King as he was about to depart. I do not know if he was removed under a show of honor, since because of the King’s anger against Lake many men are grasping at the Secretary’s post.
June 5 The Countess of Shrewsbury, widow of Gilbert, a woman born for troublemaking, said that Arabella [Stuart] had borne a son to William Seymour, and that he was being brought up in Belgium at his [her?] expense. She is committed to the custody of the Bishop of London.
6 Weather most chilly and hail.
8 She [the Countess of Shrewsbury], disdaining to respond to the Privy Councellors about this matter, is clapped in the Tower of London.
9 An proclamation against Walter Raleigh is published, in which he is rebuked for having violated his authority, entrusted him with a caution, by invading the Spanish King’s territory in America in a hostile manner, and for having done his best to violate the peace confirmed between the two sovereigns. The King disapproves of and disowns these things, and hence grants to one and all the power to make public what they know about this act, and that this man be dealt with according to the law, and they who are convicted of such a great crime be visited with exemplary punishment.
19 The minister Thrask, who converted to Judaism, is condemned in the Star Chamber, defrocked, placed in the stocks, has his ears cropped, and is given a whiping.
24 The Marquess of Buckingham, Baron Hay, and the Countess of Dorset are godparents for John Packer’s daighter at her baptism in Westminster Church.
25 Thomas Watson lavishly entertains the King, and is honored with a knighthood.
The Countess of Shrewsbury is fined £20,000 for contempt in failing to answer, and is imprisoned at the King’s pleasure.
26 The Marquess of Buckingham most lavishly entertains the King at his manor of Wansted, which he is reported to have given to the King at this time.
27 William Baron Roos died in the suburbs of Naples, in the Roman faith.
30 The King departed Greenwich.
Randall MacSurley returned to Ireland to be created Viscount of Dunluce.
July *** The King amuses himself at Winsor by hunting.
*** He returned to Westminster, and the following day to Wansted.
7 Foul rain until noon.
10 At Chesilhurst, at his baptism the son of the younger Thomas Walsingham has for his godparents the Duke of Lennox, the Marquess of Buckingham, and the younger Countess of Derby, and is named Thomas.
12 The Treasurer is accused of fiscal maladministration.
The Chancellor is created Baron of Verulam, with investiture, and new Earls are created by patents, de l’Isle the Earl of Leicester, Compton the Earl of Northampton, Rich the Earl of Clare, and Cavendish the Earl of Devonshire.
At London people are rioting against the Spanish Ambassador, since a little boy was accidentally injured by the Spaniard while he was riding.
16 Didaco Sarmiento, Count Gondomar, the Spanish King’s Ambassador, has departed, entertained en route by Baron Teinham and Wotton. He set sail (with Priests released from prison at his request) on the 20th.
St. Swithin’s day is clear, and the following days rainy.
Humpreys, secretary to Viscount Wallingford, is placed in custody, his archives examined. He is accusing the Treasurer and others of extortion.
Sir Edward Carey died.
18 The Queen departed Greenwich.
The King came to London from Theobalds.
That wealthy man William Craven died.
19 The Earl of Suffolk, the Treasurer of England, is removed from office, his staff taken away, having been accused of extortion, after he occupied this office for four years and ten days, and his assistant John Bingley is imprisoned.
20 James Montagu, Bishop of Winchester, died at Greenwich of dropsy, having occupied the See for two years, in the fiftieth year of his life.
The King has now left Westminster on his progress, when he had appointed the Bishop of Ely to Winchester, Fenton of Coventry to Ely, Harsnett of Chester to Coventry, and Dominus Bridgeman to Chester.
Baron Hay is created Viscount of Doncaster without investiture.
23 The Earl of Suffolk left London with his wife, most of their servants dismissed.
27 News is reported of the death of Baron Roos at Naples, not without suspicion of poison; of Utrecht occupied by Maurice, Prince of Orange; of Colonel Ogle (a supporter of the Arminians) ejected, with Horatio Vere substituted in his place; of the Frenchman Boississe sent to Holland to encourage the partisans of the Arminians and Catholics; and of our Dudley Carleton being sent back to Holland to the synod to be convened there. Mayerne the Royal Physician, lately sent to France by the King of England, was suspected of having come to create disturbances, and was ordered by the Councellors of France to depart the kingdom. He is a son of that Maiern who publicly attacked monarchs.
August 2 Viscount de l’Isle is invested as Earl of Leicester, and Baron Compton as the Earl of Northampton in a solemn ritual at Salisbury in the Bishop’s palace. Baron Rich, who affected the title of the Earl of Clare, becomes Earl of Warwick by letters patent (because the title of Clare, which is the same as Clarence, is a loftier honor than a rather new family should aspire to, and the honor of Clare was previously conceded to the Queen), and Baron Cavendish becomes Earl of Devonshire with no investiture. An proclamation about carriages, buildings erected hard by the city, and pedlars.
*** Likewise Mary de Belmont, mother of the Marquess of Buckingham, the wife of Thomas Compton, becomes Countess of Buckingham by patents, after the example of Margaret Countess of Norfolk, with her nephew Thomas Brotherton and his wife Elizabeth, brother of John Segrave, who was made Duke of Norfolk in the 21st year of Richard II; she herself was created Duchess of Norfolk for her lifetime, in Parliament, by imposition of the cap of honor. She however was of royal blood, namely the daughter of Thomas Brotherton, brother of King Edward I and the Count of Norfolk and Marshall of England. Hence a silly question has arisen, whether she should not have a place in Parliament.
8 I met Christopher de Neux, commended to me by Puteanus and Peirescius.
9 When Walter Ralegh was brought to London, he bribed his guardian Lewis Stukeley, and attempted flight with him. And, betrayed by I know not whom, he was intercepted on the Thames, fetched back, and clapped in the Tower.
*** Filmer, son of Sir Edward Filmer, marries the daughter of Martin Heton, Bishop of Ely.
11 The King departed to Cranborne.
At this time a ship returned from Greenland, which the Dutchmen call Spitzberg because of its sharp mountain peaks, and reported that the Dutchmen are oppressing the English and have killed no small number and stolen their oil. Which particularly vexes the Londoners because they had sent out eighteen ships for the whaling, and even more because a rumor is circulating that these same people have already been oppressing Englishmen in the East Indies.
For some time the English and the Dutch have been disputing about sailing-rights to Spitzbergen, and also the French and those who live in the north of Spain, these urging that according to international law the ocean is free. The English and the Danes claim ownership. The English, because the Englishman Willoughby was the first to discover it, in the year 1552, and the Danes because the English acknowledge that it is under their jurisdiction and pay tarriff on their fishing (though they have done this only since Elizabeth’s death). The Dutchmen claim that William Bernardi and Jan Cornelius first discovered it in the year 1596, and that the Greenland which had previously been found is far removed: this one is at latitude 52 degrees, that one extends from the 75th to the 82
nd degrees, and that the English had not been brought there prior to 1608. They insiste the ocean is free, and that the English forbid others to fish contrary to international law and the laws of humanity, although the French Kings do not prevent fishing off New France, nor do the English Kings in Irish waters, and they complain that in 1612 the English overturned the monument which William Bernardi had established to commemorate his first discover, and in the preceding year had stolen their oil by force of arms.
12 Those who had rioted at the house of the Spanish Ambassador were called for questioning at Westminister City Hall in the presence of the Lord Mayor and certain delegates appointed to hear charges and determine penalties. Out of these the father of the injured boy and others were finded *** thousand poinds, and imprisoned at the King’s will.
Walter Raleigh, examined about his flight, confessed that for the first time he had erred against the King in contemplating this flight.
Because of this man’s daft plan for invading Guiana and the Londoners’ riot against the Spanish Ambassador’s house, not a few men thought that the hope of a marriage [for Prince Charles] with the Spanish King’s daughter had been quite weakened. For he had not made the proposal for marrying his children into France and Spanish for any other reason than, by creating family alliances, to sever these kingdoms from the United Providences and reduce them more happily to his command.
The Chancellor and other Privy Councellors often met and examined Walter Ralegh.
27 Eadge returned from Greenland or Spitzberg robbed of his oil and having had three of his men killed by the Dutchman, with the result that this year whaling had proven fruitless for the English.
In prison the Princess Condée gave birth to twins in prison, who soon died.
John Roper Baron Teynham of Teynham died, his son and heir Christopher left behind, whom he had fathered with the daughter of *** Parker.
Edward Baron Beauchamp died.
Cardinal Perron died of the stone, and warlike la Noue of the same disease.
Francis Mills, Clerk of the Privy Seal died at age 83, as did his colleague Allington, age 81.
On September 1 it did not rain, see if autumn will be drier.
September *** Two rich ships, the Charles and the Hope, returned from East India.
Rumor reports Baron Delaware to have died.
The King arrived at Windsor, and thence through Westminster into Essex to Wansted.
The Queen is doing poorly at Oatlands.
Baron St. John of Bletsoe died.
10 An proclamation in which the fines and incarceration inflicted on the rioters at the house of the Spanish Ambassador at the Barbican are remitted at the request of the Spanish Agent.
Anne, daughter of John Spenser, the Countess of Dorset (the widow of Robert Sackville Earl of Dorset), who had previously been married to Henry Baron Compton, died. She left Henry, a son and heir by Henry Baron Compton.
17. The King hunts at Havering, and thence to Theobalds.
The King came to Hampton Court, where he celebrates St. Michael’s Day.
Sir Thomas Vavasour, the Marshall, yielded his office to Edward Zouch, in exchange for ***
Clerck, acting for the King of France in England, is ordered not to come to Court.
William Becher, acting for our King in France, is ordered to keep himself in his house.
October *** Gervase Baron Clifton died by his own hand.
13 I returned from Chesilhurst.
17 A messenger or chauz arrives at London from the Turkish Sultan.
Donato, spokesman for the Venetian Republic, arrives in England.
On the same day George Carleton, Bishop-elect of Llandaff, Hall, Dean of Worchester, Davenant, Master of Queens’ College, Cambridge, and Ward, President of Sidney Sussex College, depart London for the national council to be held at Dordrecht about the Arminian sect.
Ships are arrested.
The Earl of Oxford returns home from Italy.
Clerc, agent for the French King, depared London.
24 Walter Raleigh is informed by the Privy Councellors that the King has decided he is to be punished by death, and so should prepare himself for death.
28 He is brought to the King’s Bench, so he might say if he has any reason why the sentence of death brought against him in the year 1603 should not mandated for execution.
29 David de Noilon, Lord de Chesne, who had acted to free Ralegh, departed this life with him.
He is beheaded at age 66.
31 The King returned to Westminster in the evening, but did not attend Evensong.
November 1 He celebrated the Feast of All Saints, attended prayers, and received Communion.
He receives Donato, the Ambassador of the Venetian Republic.
3 The Turkish chanz paid a call on the King.
Richard Martin, elected Recorder of London after St. Michael’s Day, died.
4 The King visited the Queen, dropsical and in ill health, at Hampton Court, and returned to Westminster in the evening.
5 He celebrates the anniversary of the divine protection against the Plotters’ attempt to destroy King and kingdom by gunpowder.
8. Consultations about the corruptions of the recent Treasurer and others.
10 The King quit London for Theobalds.
*** Heath is made Recorder of London (since Richard Martin, elected after St. Michael’s Day, is dead).
Robinson, who forged the Great Seal, is executed.
14 William Becher, agent in France, was recalled, returned to London, and quickly went to the King.
18 A comet under the extreme part of Libra was visible to me.
False rumor of the Queen’s death.
21 The comet, climbing towards the north, was visible to me. At six in the morning it formed a triangle with Arcturus, Spica in Virgo, as it seems, in the 20th degree of Scorpio and fifteen degrees north.
Thomas Smith, son of the Governor of the East India Society, married the illegitimate daughter of the Earl of Devonshire without her father’s consent.
John Digby, Vice-chamberlain, is made Baron of Sherborne without investiture.
26 A son is born to Viscount Doncaster by the daughter of the Earl of Northumberland, and baptized privately. The godparents are the Earl of Leicester, the Scotsman George Hay, and Montjoy’s illegitimate daughter Isabella. It died after a few days.
Books written against Walter Ralegh appear.
Delegates from the United Provinces of Holland arrive at London.
Samuel Argall, the Governor of the Virginia Company, is accused of embezzlement, extortion, troublemaking, and maladministration of the colony, and of displaying the flag of Savoy against the Spaniards. Yardley is substituted in his place.
29 A petition of Lewis Stukeley appears concerning Ralegh’s slanders against him, and afterwards the King’s pronouncement about this matter.
December 2 Funeral of Richard Wiseman.
3 The comet seems to have disappeared, it was not seen by me when I scanned the sky, but was visible to others.
6 Viscountess Haddington, the wife of John Ramsay Viscount of Haddington and daughter of Robert Earl of Sussex, died at Westminster of the smallpox, by which a number of people have perished.
7 The comet was visible to me at six inthe morning, quite faded, next to Bootes’ left shoulder, at the latitude of 40 degrees above the Equator, so that now it is at the height of Virginia, Toledo, the Kingdom of Naples, etc.
On the same day the delegates from the United Provinces made their way to Newmarket, where the King is staying.
11 I saw the comet at six in the morning in Bootes’ left arm, about ten degrees from the final star in Ursa Major’s tale, in approximately the first degree of Scorpio and 45 degrees from the vertical at London, as Bainbridge observes.
21 The King comes to London.
Francis Leigh, son of Francis Leigh of Newnham, is made a knight and Baronet.
22 [The King] attended a sermoin, and I heard him discussing theology learnedly at dinner. There was consultation about the Ambassadors of the United Provinces, who had plenipotentiary power for dealing about fishing rights, but none for concluding a treaty.
He visited the invalid Queen at Hampton Court, and returned after dinner.
He caused Seldon trouble about the history of tithes.
27 Baron von Donau, Ambassador from the confederated German princes, was given audience, and told the King much about German affairs and the disturbances in Bohemia.
Balcanqual is sent to the national synod on behalf of the Scots Church, and Goad in place of the Dean of Worchester.
31 The Ambassadors of the United Provinces are given an audience. They request that nothing be done yet about the taking of herring, since this is the chief support of their nation, and the single relief of their people, and now things are most tumultous in their country.
Wita, wife of Baron Effingham, died.
The Lord Mayor of London had a private audience with the King.

THE YEAR 1619

January 1 The Prince sets out to visit his mother.
York shows the King a book which is banned on the 4th.
Lancelot Andrews, Bishop-elect of Winchester, is sworn in by the Chamberlain as Dean of the Wardrobe Chapel.
The Earl of Argyll, together with his wife Cornwallia, removes himself to Belgium, and thence to Spain.
Thunder in the evening.
8 The King has quit London for Theobalds, after first removing Viscount Wallingford as Master of Wards.
Lewis Stukeley, suspected of clipping gold coins, is committed to close custody.
His son flees, and is captured a little while afterwards.
Lionel Cranfield is appointed Master of Wards.
12 The most spacious and handsome dining hall in Westminster Palace burnt down, to everybody’s great fright, on the sixth day after the King attended a masque there. It appears to have been struck by lightning eight days ago, the fire breaking out first in the leaded roof. But this happended becaue of the sloth of the watchmen.
Thomas Earl of Lincoln died. His son Edward succeeded him.
Thomas Earl of Suffolk came to London, having been accused of extortion by threat of violence.
Baron Cobham, wretched and destitute, died, whose nearest heir was William Brook, son of the beheaded George. And indeed in 1610 (the seventh year of James’ reign) this William was restored to his bloodline with a cautionary clause that he should not seek his ancestral honor and the title of Baron Cobham, save with the King’s good leave. Cobham was buried at night at Cobham.
19 The painters, glaziers, and sculptors gathered at the College of Arms to learn of the new ordinations.
Uncertain rumors of a new fleet prepared in Spain, for which reason Baron von Danau, who had said his farewell to the King, was recalled.
Richard Wingfield, Marshal of the army in Ireland, was made Viscount of Powers Court under the Great Seal of Ireland.
There is a dispute over the form of proceding in the Star Chamber in the cause between the Countess of Exeter and Secretary Thomas Lake.
28 Quareles’ funeral. Book 14.9.6.
*** Some who had put up buildings in the city contrary to the proclamation were fined.
30 The house at Deptford of Thomas Smith, Governor of the East India Company etc., burned.
Charles Howard resigned the position of Admiral in favor of the Marquess of Buckingham.
Mervin, son of *** the jurisconsult dealt with Francis Howard for the office Vice-Admiral
February 1 The King returned to London.
2 A fair day.
Gabelleone came to the King as intermediary from Vittorio Amadeo, son of the [Duke of] Savoy, to settle affairs between the King and the King of France.
The King confers knighthood on *** Fortescue, John Osburn, *** Gaugton, *** Sutton, and William Pitts, recently Commissioners for the Fleet and for the ordering of domestic affairs.
3 The King was present in the Star Chamber to hear the trial between the Countess of Exeter and Thomas Lake.
5 In the Star Chamber the King heard the same cause until about 2 o’ clock.
I was in bad health.
6 [The King] visited the Queen at Hampton Court in the company of the Marquess of Buckingham.
The Earl of Notthingham surrendered to the King the office of Admiral.
The King publishes a meditation on a Sunday sermon, dedicated to the Marquess of Buckingham.
I indeed coughed blood, and twice fainted.
9 Likewise, and on the 10th. On the 11th I was bled of seven ounces.
13 Sentence against Thomas Lake was passed by the King and the Lords in the Star Chamber: fines were imposed on him, who had been sworn in as Secretary on January 3, 1616.
He, his wife, and Lady Roos his daughter were consigned to the Tower.
For preserving the honor of the late Admiral, the King confered on him the place and precedence of John Moubray, whom King Richard II had created Earl of Nottingham.
It should be noted that this sentence was passed on the 13th of February, while on February 12, 1616, the marriage of Baron Roos with Lake’s daughter was celebrated with great joy.
Bitter cold all month.
15. Thomas Lake, his wife, and his daughter Lady Roos were taken to the Tower, his seal and public documents taken away.
16 The King betook himself to Theobalds, when in place of Thomas Lake he had appointed as Secretary for himself George Calvert, the Clerk of the Council, of whose prudence and trustworthiness in great affars Secretary Robert Cecil had experience beginning in the year ***, and whose assistance the King had employed in many affairs, and he judged that he would be a great help to Robert Naunton his other Secretary.
22 Lancelot Andrews, Bishop of Ely, was translated to Wihchester.
The Order of the Holy Militia, in honor of the Virgin Mary, dedicated to persecuting the infidels and defending the Catholic religion, is founded by the Duc de Nièvre and others. The insignia of the order is an image of the Blessed Virgin embroidered on their robes.
Hugh Stukeley was released from prison, and his son, who clipped gold Jacobs, is pardoned.
It is said that the Emperor Matthias is dead.
March 1 At *** at night, Queen Anne died of dropsy, after her son Charles had vijsited her, being forty-five years old.
William Sidley, Baronet, died, and was buried March 5.
3 Sir William Cooke, Clerk of the Court of Wards, died.
Winters, Master of Liff, died.
Review of the Fleet in St. George’s Field.
5 The Queen’s entrails, encased in a hexagonal container, are brought to Westminster by her servants at 8 p. m., and are deposited in the lower part of the chapel in which Queen Elizabeth is buried.
7 The Prince appeared on Sunday, and heard a sermon of the Bishops-elect of Coventry and Lichfield, to the surprise of many. But the King (who was clad, not in the customary royal purple, but in black) had commanded it.
The Bishop of Chester was translated to Coventry, and the Bishop of Bristol to the See of Ely.
John Panton died.
8 The Queen’s corpse is brought at night to Somerset House by her people.
Richard Burbage, a second Roscius, died.
10 Matthew, the Roman Emperor, has died.
18 A little son is born to Edward Villiers.
19 Horse race at Newmarket. And when the King lingered at Newmarket to see it and was late in departing, he was obliged by ill health to turn in to a household at Wichforbridge, and arrived at Royston late at night.
22 The Prince came to greet his father, and soon many nobles, moved by rumor of the King’s ill health.
24 Robert Rich, newly created Earl of Warwick, died.
News of the Emperor’s death is broutht.
Watchfires were rashly lit throughout Kent, since they caught sight of a fire in Sussex with which the peasants burn their hedge-loppings this time of year.
28 The recuperating King celebrates Easter at Royston, and to him the Peers have come flocking.
29 Charles Fotherby, Dean of Canterbury and likewise Archdeacon, has died.
At this time the convalescing King conferred the honor of Earl of Kelley on Thomas Areskine Viscount Fenton, and the honor of Earl of Melrose on Baron Binning.
Aprilis *** The daughter of the Earl of Leicester has married *** Smith, son and heir of John Smith of Ostenhanger.
3 The Privy Councellors who had gathered to visit the King, returned, having been reasssured of his convalescence.
4 The King was in poor health from eating mutton, as they say, so much that he was driven to vigorous vomiting to spew it forth.
5 The Scotsman Alexander Earl of Hume departed this life at Westminster. He had marred ***, daughter of Baron Dudley, as his second wife, by whom he fathered children.
A duel was fought between Henry Rich, Captain of the Guard, and *** Eire, a pensioner, both lightly wounded.
The Archbishop of Canterbury laid the first stone, George Moore and Stoughton the second and third, at the commencement of a hospital at Guildford, which the Archbishop had founded, now to be constructed.
7 Fasting and prayers in Holland about the successful conclusion of the national synod.
8 Edward Villiers’ son was baptized. The godfathers were Christopher Viliers and John Wentworth.
11 In a sermon delivered at St. Paul’s Cross, the Bishop of London offered thanks to God for the restored health of the King, whom he celebrated with well-deserved praises, and in particular for justice equitably dispensed to every man. For the King said in the Star Chamber, that even if he suffered from other human frailties, nevertheless he has had a sincere reverence for justice, nor does he have cause to ask forgiveness from God for his injustice.
12 The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London paid a call on the King.
John Williams, lately an estate-owner of Kent, is detected as having been the author of a libellous pamphlet published several years ago, for which Cotton had been held suspect and clapped in the Tower.
16 The Earl of Bridgewater paid me a visit.
*** At this time Isaac Wake, the King’s Ambassador to Savoy, was honored with a knighthood and handsomely rewarded, and sent back with a pension.
21 The King returned to Warham in a litter, and on the following day was driven to Theobalds in a carriage.
St. George’s Day, or the day of the Order of the Garter, is postponed to the 26th.
Complaints are lodged against Thomas Smith, Governor of the East India, Virgina, and Bermudas Companies, that he has acted in bad faith, so much so that they thought of coopting Edwin Sandys and demanded an account of [Smith’s] expenses and the money gained by lottery. Afterwards he was removed from the Virginia and Bermudas Company.
Complaints against the Chancellor are also lodged with the King.
The Earl of Suffolk, lately Treasurer and afterwards examined for corruption, obtained permission to return to Walden to recuperate his health, but his wife was unable to obtain this.
The fanatic Wykes feigned that he had been shown revelations, and denounced the King in threatening wise, for which reason he was committed to Bedlam as a madman.
William Lake, secretary to Thomas Lake, was put in custody, because he attempted to pass secret letters to Lady Roos, and to make his escape when accused by Lady Roos’ custodian.
30 The Earl of Southampton was taken onto the Privy Council in the Star Chamber. On which day *** Metcalfe was fined.
May 1 The Marquess of Tremouille, of the family of the Ursini, the Ambassador from the French King, is received by the Earl of Essex at Gravesend and escorted to London.
2 I went outdoors after a lengthy illness.
3 [The Marquess] is escorted by the Marquess of Buckingham to the King at Theobalds, where he is lavishly entertained.
John Williams, previously mentioned, is condemned for treason at the King’s Bench, and executed on the 5th.
On the same 3rd of the month Olden Barneveldt is beheaded at the Hague in Holland.
4 Charles Manwood, son of Sir Peter Manwood, is killed by Milo Heidon [or Miles Heydon?] in a duel in Brabant.
Letitia, wife of Arthur, said to be the natural daughter of Charles Blunt Earl of Devonshire and Penelope Lady Rich, dies of the French pox.
James Viscount Doncaster is sent as Ambassador to Germany.
7 Three sons of Mussé in Britainy visit me at their father’s behest.
The English prelates return home from the national synod at Dordrecht.
Overall, Bishop of Norwich, by far the most learned, died. George Carleton and the Bishop of Chicester and others vie for his vacant See. Chichester prevails, and Carleton is transferred to Chichester.
George Mountagne, Bishop of Lincoln, is made King’s Almonder in place of Winchester, who resigned grudgingly.
7 Queen Anne’s funeral is performed, at which time a lettered young man is killed by the fall of the letter S from the roof of Northampton House.
An accidental fire in Ireland consumed 800 structures at Limerick, 110 at Kilkenny, and many at Clonmelly, Cork, and Fedart.
The King of Spain is visiting the King of Portugal.
20 Tremouille the French ambassator is entertained by Lennox with a banquet at Whitehall.
21 He departs London.
Arrangements are being made for a marriage between the heir of *** Chichester, a niece of the Countess of Bedford on her sister’s side, and the son of Marquess Hamilton.
25 St. George’s day is celebrated at Greenwich.
26, 27 Absent (in addition to four foreigners, namely the King of Denmark, Ulrich Hols, the Prince of Orange, and the Palatine Elector) were Nottingham, Northumberland, Derby, Somerset, Exeter, Marr, and Suffolk.
No scrutiny was performed, since no place was vacant.
Clifford bore the sowrd.
Arther Lake was imprisoned.
The King departed for Theobalds.
It is noised abroad that the Marquess Hamilton has been promoted to the title of Earl of Cambridge, Esmé Stuart of Aubigny to that of Earl of March and Baron Leyton, John Villiers to that of Viscount Purbeck and Baron Stoke, and his sister Elizabeth, Edward Coke’s wife, to the honor of Viscountess Westmorland, but she refused to purchase it at such a high price.
30 I received a letter from the Heralds against Vincent and Phillpot.
June 1 The King returned from Theobalds to Westminster, with the citizenry congratulating him on his restored health, and was received with great pomp in the midst of frequent and horrible thunder and, in some places, hail.
Houses burnt at Charleton next to Greenwich, and there were downpours of rain at Writlemarsh.
This month Marquess Hamilton is created Earl of Cambridge and Baron Everdale in Wales. Esmé Stuart of Daubigny is Earl of March and Baron of Leyton, and John Villiers Viscount Purbeck and Baron of Stoke, through patent letters delivered, with no investiture.
3 Frequent lightning in the morning, and horrendous thunder, lightning, and virtually continuous downpours from 3 p. m. to 6 p.m. in Kent, but this was not audible at London.
I wrote to Garter and Norroy Kinsg of Arms about Vincent and Philpot.
Ambassador from the Duke of Lorraine.
I set out for Greenwich, and thence to London.
Parker, Clerk of the Star Chamber, was incarcerated, because he acted in bad faith in examining Lady Roos.
Arthur Lake is placed in custody because of a slanderous pamphlet.
13 At the King’s bidding all the Privy Councellors partake of the Eucharist at Greenwich, to display their mutual charity.
John Baron Hollis of Houghton is imprisoned for his malicious inquiry into the life of Edward Coke and other acts of contempt, his wife Elizabeth Coke striving in vain.
His accomplice Astley, a Sergeant at Law, is likewise imprisoned.
The Earl of Ormond is placed in custody for refusing to abide by the King’s decision about the lands adjudicated to Baron Dingwell.
The Countess of Bedford is ill with the measles (?).
18 Courtin and some other Belgian merchants are accused in the Star Chamber of having illegally exported gold by wonderful devices, such as hollowed-out anchors. They are fined a hundred thousand pounds, after their case had been heard for several days.
19 The King celebrates his birthday.
Thomas Lake is told in the Star Chamber that he must make a public confession that the sentence brought against him was just, and that he has inflicted an injury upon the Countess of Exeter.
22 At Wanstead the King is entertained by Henry Mildmay, Master of the Revels.
Thomas Lake refues to subscribe to an acknowledgement of his slanders against the Countess of Exeter, and likwise his wife, even if his daughter Lady Roos confessed that those slanders about incest with Lady Roos, poisoning, and requests for forgiveness for crimes were inventions written by Arthur Lake and copied by Hobbie, Lady Roos’ maid, with her father and mother accomplices.This is adjudged the height of contempt against his Royal Majesty.
25 The King is entertained by Sir Thomas Watson at Hawstead together with the Prince, the Earl of Montgomery, and Baron Sheffield.
26 The King hunts at the manor of Nicolas Stoddar near Nottingham.
27 The King observes Sunday at Greenwich.
28 He pays a visit to the Earl of Exeter at Wimbleton.
29 On St. Peter’s Day, the King attends an early morning sermon at Greenwich. After dinner he hunts at Mortlake Park.
30 The King quits Greenwich for Oatlands.
I was present at Court, and heard news about the Duke of Ossuni’s defection, the beheading of the Marquess St. Croix, the Ambassador of the Queen Mother being mistreated by the Ambassador of the King at Rome, and being sent back to France secretly. The Pope took this with indignation and placed the King’s Ambassador in custody because he dared do this within the Pope’s jurisdiction. The Archbishop of Spalato has heard these things from his friends in Italy.
I wrote to James Usher and Henry Bourchier in Ireland.
Field is promoted to the vacant See of Llandaff.
July 1 Six German noblemen visited me, in whose souvenier albums I wrote my name as a token of my affection.
7The King comes from Windsor to Westminster.
On July 7 a letter from the Earl of Arundel is given me, against Philpot. I wrote back to the Earl. On the 9th Philpot came to me. On the 9th he was going (?) to the Earl.
10 The King has departed for Wansted, to hunt.
13 The King is said to have visited Somerset House and London City Hall, to offer congratulations on the marriage of the Lord Mayor’s daughter to John Villiers.
Lord Dingwall is created Earl of Desmond, by right of his wife.
The Duke of Lennox is despatched to Scotland.
14 Thunder from noon.
15 St. Swithen’s day rainy, the Asses and the Stall rising in the heaven.
Thomas Lake the late Secretary is to be freed from prison and handed over to the custody of his brother the Bishop of Bathand Wells. Lady Roos his daughter is freed also. But he prefers to live in the Tower a while longer to arrange his private affairs.
Henry Wotton has returned from his Venetian embassy out of an empty hope of gaining the Secretary’s position.
The controversy between the Dutch and the English of the East India Company about navigation and fishing rights off Greenland is settled by the King, and the Dutch delegates are honored with knighthoods at Theobalds.
The King begins his progress to Royston, on the same day the Marquess of Buckingham visits the Fleet.
A son is born to the Earl of Salisbury, whose godparents are the Prince and Marquess of Buckingham. Donato, Ambassador of the Venetian Republic, proscribed by the Republic because of money embezzled at Savoy, nevertheless lives at London in security. Henry Parker Clerk of the Star Chamber is restored to liberty, after having twice been incarcerated for the same reason.
Made Baronets:
William Villiers, eldest brother of the Marquess of Buckingham.
James Lee, Attorney of the Court of Wards
*** Hix, son of Michael Hix.
Mary Crofton did public penance at St. Martin’s in the Fields for slanders against the Countess of Exeter.
At this time Smith, son of Thomas, Governor of the East India Company, who in the previous November had marred the natural daughter of Charles Blount without procuring her father’s consent, removed himself from England without consulting his father or his fwife.
Marquess Hamilton and the Earl of Pembroke begin a journey to Scotland.
The Viscount of Hadington, because of a grudge against Viscounts Fenton and Doncaster, and because the King failed to satisfy his wishes in all things, retired from the kingdom with the King’s good leave, ordered to return when recalled.
31 Proclamation about examining the gold coinage and minting new coins of lesser value, and to have the scales adjusted by the Master of the Mint before the end of September.
All this month itinerent beggars have been praising the virtues of the waters near Frant, a hamlet of Sussex within the confines of Kent, and so many invalids of every social rank have flocked there. The water is acid and tastes of vitriol.
August 3 Dorothy Countess of Northumberland, after the resolution of a rift with her husband about the betrothing of their daughters, peacefully departed this life at Sion.
I set out for London.
7 I returned to Chesilhurst
Inquiry into the corruption of the Earl of Suffolk, our late Treasurer.
A son was born to the Earl of Montgomery.
Thomas Ratcliff, second son of the Earl of Sussex, a handsome lad of scarce nineteen years, has dies, his body worn out by venery.
13 I dined with the Recorder of London at the Temple.
Marriage between Secretary Robert Naunton and the widow of Walter Lowrey, the daughter of Thomas Perrott by Dorothy, daughter of Walter Earl of Essex.
15 New from Germany about Ferdinand being elected Emperor, and the Palatine Elector being elected King of Bohemia by themselves on the 25th of August in both forms, and of Bethelen Gabor Vaivod of Transylvania being elected King of Hungary.
September 3 The King comes to Windsor.
Golden money has appeared with his laurel-wreathed head, hence they are immediately called “laurels” by the masses. They are of various values, namely 20 shillings (exchangable with 20 [i. e., presumably, shillings of other coinage]), 10 with 10, and 5 solidi with 5.
Baroness Roos was given into the custody of *** Dillington, a pensioner on the Isle of Wight.
7 I entertained the Dean of Westminster at Chesilhurst.
8 My portrait fell, without damage. May it be a good omen!
9 The King dines at Greenwich, hastily making his way to Wansted.
10 Sir Christopher Hatton who, when William Newport had been adopted into the Hatton family by Hatton the deceased Chancellor whom he succeeded, died of gluttony, was buried at night at Westminster.
Letters from Peirescius about Henry Spelmann’s Lexicon.
Dominus Williams, chalpain to Lord Egerton the Chancellor, made Dean of Salisbury in place of Gordon Scott, lately deceased, resigned in exchanged for a donative in Wales and Rectorship of the Chapel at Savoy, which had belonged to the Archbishop of Spaleto, an annual pension of £100 from Moline the French Ambassador, and the Rectorship of ***.
An investigation was made into the servants of the Household, and several were removed from their place.
Sir John Whitbrook was killed in the Fleet Prison by Boughton.
October *** Frequent bearers of news about affairs in Bohemia, and rumors that the Palatine Elector and his consort have been crowned.
Samuel Daniel, an excellent poet and historian, died.
Ambassador from the Duke of Savoy.
12 Courtin, a Belgian and Bourlomacco, an Italian, are fined in the Star Chamber for the transportation of gold and silver out of the realm, and of bribery in altering the testimonies brought against them.
I have been suffering with catarrh.
20 The Earl of Suffolk, lately the Treasurer of England, and his wife are haled into the Star Chamber about embezzlement of monies for the the royal Revels, about diversion of funds designated for artillery, the Fleet, Irish affairs, and alum-manufacturing, and extortion of money from royal servants and beneficiaries.
John Bingley is likewise accused of these things.
By means of an advocate they deny each of these things, and demand the proofs be produced, which began to happen on the 21st.
Simon Digby has returned from Spain with letters.
The Bishop of Lincoln entertained the King most lavishly at his palace at Bugden.
Baron Sheffield lost his case in his sute against Radcliffe of the manor of Molgrave in Yorkshire, on the strength of a transcription or entail made in the past.
The case of the Earl of Suffolk is aired again in the Star Chamber.
November 1 The King celebrates the Feast of All Saints at Westminster.
3 The Earl of Suffolk’s case is defended for two days.
5 The Bishop of Lincoln delivers a learned sermon on the anniversary of the Papist plot.
7 Nicholas Forman commits suicide.
8 The case of John Bingley is defended by his advocates in the Star Chamber.
The King dines at Greenwich, and christens ships about to be launched, one the Happy Entrance, the other the Constant Reformation.
News that the English have defeated the Dutch in East India. An English ship returned with Indian wares.
9 The King set out from Theobalds after the sermon, intending to go to Newmarket.
Proclamation granting a tobacco monopoly to Francis Nicholls, Jasper Leeke, and Philip Eden.
The Scotsman James Balfouir is created Baron of Castle Stuart.
10 The case of the Earl of Suffolk is debated, and likewise on the 12th.
13 The Earl of Suffolk and his wife are fined £30,000 and are to be imprisoned in the Tower of London at the King’s pleasure.
John Bingley is fined £2000, and imprisoned in the Fleet at the King’s pleasure.
15 Ambrose Brunt, a highly learned Belgian and a student of Lipsius, visits me.
19 Day the attorney, who dealt fraudulently with merchants, is punished in the stocks.
20 The Earl of Suffolk and the Countess his wife are clapped in the Tower of London.
Sir Edmund Withipol died having been cut for the stone. Theophilus Finch, Baronet, died.
26 The Earl of Suffolk is granted his liberty, and Bingley too, under certain conditions.
On St. Andrew’s Day we convened in the College of Arms, and a distribution (?) was made.
30 Deep snow.
December 2 Everything bright with snow.
2 The ice is melting.
4 Jacob Fletzert of Nuremburg visited me, and I wrote my name in his souvenier album.
7 Foreign merchants are fined £33,000.
9 Albert Morton arrived at London with news that Frederick the Palatine Elector and his wife have been crowned King and Queen of Bohemia, and commemorative coins of them are circulating in which the inscription By The Grace Of God is omitted, hence it somebody wittily, not rashly, said It is not surprising, since they were elected by grace of the people.
21 At Prague a son was born to Fredrick, King of Bohemia, whose name is Rupert in memory of Emperor Rupert I of the Elector’s family.
23 A son, ***, is born to Theophilus Howard of Walden, at the time he was to be removed as Master of Pensioners, and indeed he was removed, as his brother was as Master of the Prince’s Horse.
On Christmas Day almost all of the Privy Councellors who were present at Court partook of the Eucharist after the first sermon, and the King with the Prince after the second.
Consultations about monetary affairs, in which goldsmiths, merchants, and officials of the Mint were given a hearing.

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