EDITOR’S PREFACE

The Garland (1992) edition of Baptistes and Tyrannicall-Government Anatomized has long been scarce.  I am grateful to Professor Dana F. Sutton and the Philological Museum for making a PDF reproduction of this work available.  The scan was made at the suggestion of Professor Gerald Richman of Suffolk University and with his help.  I have taken this opportunity to include the following corrections and additions. I have, for the most part, ignored non-substantive corrections.

Steven Berkowitz
December  2017.

I add two references that were on my horizon in 1992: John Durkan’s Bibliography of George Buchanan (Glasgow: University Library, 1994) and Roger P. H. Green’s George Buchanan. Poetic Paraphrase of the Psalms of David (Geneva: Droz, 2011).  Because I have no intention of updating fully my 1992 publication, I do not here incorporate such valuable works as, for example, Roger A. Mason’s edition of De Jure Regni (2004) or Roger Kuin’s edition of Sidney’s Correspondence (2012). Moreover, the PDF scan may show authorial corrections in pencil.

Page 31: Opera, I, 749 Opera, II, 749.

Page 39: seems likely seems possible. Roger Green (2011) finds the evidence less persuasive than did I. D. McFarlane that Vautrollier’s 1580 edition benefited from Buchanan’s involvement (pp. 32 - 33).  Vautrollier, indeed, knew Buchanan, but the letter from Rogers to Buchanan states that Vautrollier would have printed some of Buchanan’s poems if Buchanan had replied to Rogers regarding their order.  As such, “order” cannot refer to Psalms.

Page 44: letter to Marnix Ruddiman (Opera I, sig. f2v -3v) reads “Philippum Mornaium,” that is, Philip DuPlessis-Mornay.  I emend the recipient of this letter to “Philip Marnix.”

Page 53: we need a critical edition] Roger P. H. Green, ed. and trans., George Buchanan: Poetic Paraphrase of the Psalms of David (Geneva: Droz, 2011).

Page 55: Doubtless Rogers’ letter] Perhaps Rogers’ letter

Page 101: Generally, leniency] By the multitude, leniency

Page 144: Note 19] Of interest is that John Calvin’s address to Francis I (Institutes, Basel, 1 August 1536) includes language similar to that found in Baptistes.  Calvin was writing in exile during a pause in the burning of heretics in France.  Calvin loyally instructs his sovereign that the pious followers of his doctrines are victims of calumnies by evil counsellors and the Pharisees, that is, the priests, and that these pure doctrines, properly understood, are not all novel, nor licentious nor seditious.  Compare Calvin’s defense of those who follow his doctrine (against their adversaries) with Baptistes, lines 21ff: “Things said rightly they vitiate with malicious interpretations; they construe all things for the worst, and being themselves given to sleep and laziness, free from labor they grudge the labor of others, and put all their effort into detecting what they can reproach.”  Buchanan in 1576 is, arguably, more frank and pessimistic than Calvin in 1536.  Calvin argues that there is “no novelty” in his doctrine which restores belief in Christ.  Buchanan, in effect, says that everything old was once new, and “new frauds and new calumnies will always abound” and “wicked envy will always oppress the good” (compare lines 42-52).  In the founding of the new Academy in Leiden, for example, reformers, in fact, saw themselves as engaged in a “new intellectual movement.”  See Van Dorsten (1962), p. 4.

Page 184: was delivered at . . . 1982] was delivered at IV Congresso Internationale di Studi Neo-Latini, Bologna,  26 August - 1 September 1979.

Page 292: line T1419] line T1417

Page 441: 1420] 1419

Page 481: 1419 matter] 1417 master

Page 495: in naturam vortit] in naturam vertit

Page 510: T342 intend a Sceptre] T342 intend a Scepter

Page 527: 748 deglubere] 748 deglubitis

Page 549: 1352 - 58 Catheno] 1357-58 Cathena

Page 555: offered me copies of them] offered me a copy of them in a certain letter

Page 559: Add superscript 6 to the end of the letter by Sturm to mark the footnote.

Page 581: new bibliography] John Durkan’s Bibliography of George Buchanan (Glasgow, 1994).