Notes to the Introduction

NOTE 1 Samuel Johnson, The Lives of the Poets (London, 1959) i.65.

NOTE 2 Thomas Fuller, The History of the Worthies of England (ed. P. Austin Nuttall, London, 1840, repr. New York, 1965) III.185ff., a judgment repeated almost verbatim by Anthony à Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, Fasti Oxonienses, and Life of Anthony à Wood (ed. by Philip Bliss, London, 1813 - 22, reprinted Hildesheim, 1969), I.259f. of the Fasti (in Volume II of the set). Wood had a habit of borrowing from other writers without giving due credit.

NOTE 3 For a modern biography cf. G. M. Story and Helen Gardner, The Sonnets of William Alabaster (Oxford, 1959) xi - xxiii; L. I. Guiney, Recusant Poets: More to Jonson (New York, 1939) 335 - 46, and, most importantly, Eleanor Coutts’ unpublished dissertation The Life and Works of William Alabaster, 1568 - 1640 (diss. Madison, 1957).

NOTE 4 Frederick C. Boas, University Drama in the Tudor Age (Oxford, 1914, reprinted New York, 1966) 186 - 88.

NOTE 5 Antigone by Thomas Watson. Roxana by William Alabaster. Adrastus Parentans sive Vindicta by Peter Mease; Prepared with an Introduction by John C. Coldeway and Brian F. Copenhaver (Renaissance Latin Drama in England series II.4, Hildesheim - New York, 1987).

NOTE 6 Roxana and La Dalida have been compared by William B. Hill, A Study of William Alabaster’s Roxana (diss. New York, 1954) 75 - 111, David Orr, Italian Renaissance Drama in England before 1625 (Chapel Hill, 1970), and Ethel Rosenberg Kaplan, William Alabaster’s Roxana: a critical edition of the English Version with Parallel Latin Text (diss. Cambridge U. S. A., 1980) 312 - 22.

NOTE 7 Although evidently he changed his mind, at one point King James thought him insane: Mark Eccles, Brief Lives: Tudor and Stuart Authors (Studies in Philology Texts and Studies 79, 1982) 4. Likewise, in 1612 a Catholic writer was moved to expostulate that “Alabaster goeth on in his fooleries”: the document printed by Henry Foley, Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus (London, 1877) XII.853f.

NOTE 8 This was observed by Coldeway and Cophenhaver, p. 7.

NOTE 9 Edited as The ‘Elisaeis’ of William Alabaster (ed. Michael O’Connell, Studies in Philology monograph 76, 1979). Other literary works include his English sonnets, mostly the effusions of a newly-converted Catholic, edited by Story and Gardner, and a large number of incidental items written over the course of this lifetime, collected here.

NOTE 10 The first edition can be read on reel 865 of the Early English Books microfilms (first series); the second has been photographically reproduced, as indicated above.

NOTE 11 As is discussed in detail by John C. Coldeway, “William Alabaster’s Roxana: Some Textual Considerations,” in R. J. Schoeck (ed.), Acta Conventus Neo-Latini Bononiensis, Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Neo-Latin Studies (Binghamton N. Y., 1985) 413 - 19.

NOTE 12 The quotation is taken from Coldeway, p. 417.

NOTE 13 Modern scholarship has grown considerably more sophisticated on the subject of what kinds of writing were and were not considered objectionable by the authorities: see most recently Cyndia Susan Clegg, Press Censorship in Elizabethan England (Cambrige, 1997).

NOTE 14 Alan Nelson tentatively assigns the play to 1592 (new style).

NOTE 15 For a recent exploration of this subject, cf. William M. Calder III’s thoughtful “The Rediscovery of Seneca Tragicus at the end of the XXth Century,” in Peter Kneissl and Volker Losemann (edd.), Imperium Romanum: Studien zu Geschichte und Rezeption (Festschrift Karl Christ, Stuttgart, !998) 73 - 82.

NOTE 16 Op. cit. (1997), where they occupy pp. 54 - 77.